Bennington, a S. W. county of Vermont, bordering on New York and Massachusetts; area, about 700 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 21,325. It is skirted by the Green mountains on the east, and watered by the Battenkill, Hoosick, and smaller streams. In the N. part of the county, especially in Dorset township, large quantities of marble are quarried, some varieties of which are very white and fine, and take a high polish. The county is crossed by the Harlem Extension, Troy and Boston, and Rensselaer and Saratoga railroads. The chief productions in 1870 were 108,537 bushels of Indian corn, 161,876 of oats, 196,791 of potatoes. 86,542 tons of hay, 416,655 lbs. of cheese, 412,092 of butter, 146,419 of wool, and 170,-268 of maple sugar. There were 2,529 horses, 5,859 milch cows, 4,543 other cattle, 32,068 sheep, and 2,502 swine. Capitals, Bennington and Manchester.
Bennington, a township in the S. W. part of Bennington co., Vt., 102 m. S. by W. of MontpeKer; pop. in 1870, 5,760. It is on the Harlem Intension and Troy and Boston railroads, and includes the villages of Bennington, one of the capitals of the county, Bennington Centre or Old Bennington, North Bennington, and Bennington Iron Works. It has important manufactories of fine porcelain and Parian ware, material in abundance and of excellent quality being found in the vicinity of the town. - On Aug. 16, 1777, Gen. Stark, at the head of a body of New Hampshire militia, defeated in Bennington a detachment of Burgoyne's army under Col. Baum. Shortly after the re-treat of the latter the battle was renewed by a British reinforcement, which in turn retreats ed on the approach of darkness. The British lost 200 killed, 600 prisoners, and 1,000 stand of arms; the Americans, 14 killed and 42 wounded. No trace now remains to indicate the precise locality of the engagement.