I. Augustus

Augustus, an English architectural draughtsman of French extraction, born in Normandy in 1769, died in London, Dec. 19, 1832. He made many architectural drawings for engraving, but is best known by a series of elaborate works on the Gothic architecture of the middle ages. These comprise "Specimens of Gothic Architecture selected from various ancient Edifices in England," etc. (2 vols. fol. and 4to, with 114 plates, 1821-'3), the descriptions of which were written chiefly by E. J. Wilson; "Architectural Illustrations of the Buildings of London" (2 vols. 4to, 1824), and "Specimens of the Architectural Antiquities of Normandy," etc. (1825-'8), both published in conjunction with John Britton the antiquary. He also prepared, with the assistance of his son, "Gothic Ornaments selected from various Buildings in England and France."

II. Augustin Welby Northmore

Augustin Welby Northmore, son of the preceding, born in London, March 1, 1812, died at Ramsgate, Sept. 14, 1852. He designed ornamental Gothic furniture and metal work, and published "Designs for Gothic Furniture in the Style of the 15th Century" (1835), "Designs for Iron and Brass Work in the Style of the 15th and 16th Centuries" (1835), "Designs for Gold and Silversmiths' Work " (1836), and "Ancient Timber Houses" (1836), all of which had a material influence in promoting a revival of the taste for Gothic forms. He also published" Contrasts, or a Parallel betwen the Noble Edifices of the 14th and 15th Centuries and similar Buildings of the present Decay of Taste" (2d ed., 1841). Becoming a convert to the Roman Catholic faith, he devoted himself to the study of ecclesiastical Gothic architecture, and thereafter invariably declined to design for Protestant places of worship, and seldom accepted commissions from Protestants. The chief exceptions to this rule were the gateway to Magdalen college, Oxford, and the elaborate mediaeval ornamentation of the new parliament houses.

He purchased an estate at Ramsgate, and erected a house, church, schools, etc, all of which were dedicated to St. Augustine. His chief publications besides those mentioned are: " Examples of Gothic Architecture " (3 vols. 4to, 225 plates, 1838); " True Principles of Pointed or Christian Architecture" (1841); "An Apology for the Revival of Christian Architecture" (1843); and "Glossary of Ecclesiastical Ornament" (1844). - See "Recollections of A. W. N. Pugin, and his Father, Augustus Pugin, with Notices of their Works," by Benjamin Ferrey, with an appendix by E. Sheridan Purcell (1861), and "Photographs from 500 sketches by the younger Pugin" (2 vols., 1865).

III. Edwin Welby

Edwin Welby, an English architect, son of the preceding, born March 11, 1834, died in London, June 7, 1875. He completed his father's unfinished works, and designed hundreds of churches and other public buildings in England and Ireland. Among his works are the orphanages of Hel-lingly and Bletchingly, the Carmelite church at Kensington, and the cathedral at Queens-town, near Cork, in conjunction with Mr. Ashlin. In 1873 he was involve in a suit for libel with the painter Millais.