Robert Baird, D. D., an American clergyman and author, born of Scotch parentage in Fayette county, Penn., Oct. 6, 1798, died at Yonkers, N. Y., Nov. 15, 1863. He was educated at Jefferson college, Pennsylvania, and at the Princeton theological seminary, and in 1822 took charge of an academy in Princeton. He became agent of the missionary society of New Jersey in 1828, and did much toward laying the foundation of the present system of public school education in that state. In 1829 he was appointed agent of the American Sunday school union, and succeeded in raising the annual revenue of the society from $5,000 to $28,000. In 1885 lie visited Europe, and remained abroad, with the exception of two brief visits home, for eight years, striving to revive the Protestant faith in the southern countries of Europe, and to promote the cause of temperance in the northern countries. Upon the formation of the foreign evangelical society, afterward merged in the American and foreign Christian union, he was made its agent and corresponding secretary. In the summer of 1842 Dr. Baird published in Scotland a work entitled "Religion in America," which was translated into several of the continental languages.
Among his other works were "A Visit to Northern Europe," "Protestantism in Italy," "History of the Albigenses, Waldenses, and Vaudois," and "History of the Temperance Societies of the United States."