William Of Wykeham, an English statesman, born at Wickham, Hampshire, in 1324, died at South Waltham, Sept. 24, 1404. He was educated at Winchester, and became secretary to Sir Nicholas Uvedale, governor of Winchester castle. In May, 1356, he was appointed clerk of all the king's works in his manors of Henle and Yeshampsted, and in October "chief keeper and surveyor of the castles of the king at Windsor, Leeds, Dover, and Hadlee." He built a strong castle at Queenborough in the isle of Sheppey. In 1357 the king gave him, though then a layman, the rectory of Pulham in Norfolk. In 1361 he was ordained subdeacon, and in 1362 priest. In 1364 he was made keeper of the privy seal, and in 1366 secretary of state and bishop of Winchester. In September, 1367, he was appointed lord high chancellor of England, which office he resigned March 24, 1371. Charges were made against him in 1376 of misappropriations of money, which were narrowed down to the fact that he had forgiven half of a fine of £80. His property was seized, and he. was banished from his see, but was restored after the accession of Richard II. He was again created lord chancellor in 1389, but resigned in 1391. He founded a college at Winchester, and one at Oxford, still called New college, and rebuilt the cathedral at Winchester.
See William of Wykeham.