I. Nathaniel

Nathaniel, an American journalist, born in Boston, June 6, 1780, died there, May 26, 1870. In 1803 he established the "Eastern Argus" in Portland, Me., and in 1816 the "Boston Recorder," the first religious newspaper, the plan of which he had laid before several clergymen as early as 1808, and in 1810 before the Maine missionary societv at Bath. Of this journal he was proprietor till 1843. He also founded in 1827 the " Youth's Companion," a weekly paper for the young, the first of that class of periodicals, which he edited and published till 1857.

II. Nathaniel Parker

Nathaniel Parker, an American author, son of the preceding, born in Portland, Me., Jan. 20, 1806, died at Idlewild, near Newburgh, N. Y., Jan. 21, 1867. He graduated at Yale college in 1827. While in college he published, under the signature of " Roy," a series of "Scripture Sketches " in verse and other poems, and immediately after graduating was employed by S. G. Goodrich (Peter Parley) to edit the "Legendary " and the " Token." In 1828 he established the "American Monthly Magazine," which after two years was merged in the " New York Mirror," previously established by George P. Morris, of which he became associate editor. Soon after he visited Europe, and wrote letters to that journal entitled " Pencillings by the Way " (collected, 3 vols., London, 1835). In Paris he was made an attaché of the American minister. After travelling through southern Europe, Turkey, and parts of Asia Minor, he returned to England, and in 1835 married a daughter of Gen. Stace, commandant of the Woolwich arsenal. He also published there "Melanie and other Poems" (edited by Barry Cornwall, 1835), and " Inklings of Adventure" (3 vols., 1836), a series of tales and sketches which originally appeared in the " New Monthly Magazine" under the pseudonyme "Philip Slingsby." In 1837 he returned home, and for two years lived in retirement on a small estate which he named Glenmary, on the Susquehanna, near Owego, N. Y. In 1839 he became one of the editors of the "Corsair," a short-lived literary gazette published in New York, and later in the same year revisited England, where appeared two dramas published together under the title "Two Ways of Dying for a Husband: 1. Dying to Keep Him, or Tortesa the Usurer; 2. Dying to Lose Him, or Bianca Visconti" (1839); "Loiterings of Travel" (3 vols., 1840); and "Letters from under a Bridge, and Poems " (1840). He also issued an illustrated edition of his poems.

Returning to New York, he established in 1844, in connection with George P. Morris, a daily newspaper called the "Evening Mirror;" but the death of his wife and his own failing health led him to return to Europe. During this visit he published "Dashes at Life with a Free Pencil" (3 vols., 1845), a collection of magazine articles. On returning to New York in 1846, he married a daughter of the Hon. Joseph Grinnell of New Bedford, and settled at a seat on the Hudson which he named Idlewild. In the same year he published a complete edition of his works in one large volume, and with Mr. Morris established the "Home Journal," a weekly, to which he contributed till his death. His other works include " Rural Letters and other Records of Thought and Leisure " (1849); " People I have Met" (1850); " Life Here and There " (1850); "Hiirrygraphs " (1851); "Fun Jottings, or Laughs I have taken a Pen to" (1853); "A Health Trip to the Tropics" (1853); "A Summer Cruise in the Mediterranean in a United States Frigate" (1853); "Famous Persons and Places " (1854); " Out-Doors at Idlewild" (1854); "The Rag Bag" (1855); "Paul Fane, or Parts of a Life else Untold" (1856); and "The Convalescent" (1860).