Goodrich ,.I. Elizur, an American clergyman, born in Wethersfield, Conn., Oct. 26, 1734, died in Norfolk, Conn., Nov. 21, 1797. He graduated at Yale college in 1752. and was tutor there in 1755. In the busiest scenes of his subsequent ministry he rarely failed to calculate the eclipses of each successive year; and when the aurora borealis of 1780 made its appearance, he gave one of the fullest and most accurate accounts of it ever published, with exact drawings of the auroral arch. In 1756 he was ordained minister of the Congregational church in Durham, Conn., in which office he continued till his death. He was an active friend of the revolution, preaching the right of resistance, and urging his people to lay down their property and lives in the conflict. He published several sermons, and left behind him some hundreds of essays on difficult passages of Scripture. II. Chaunecy Allen, an American scholar, grandson of the preceding, born in New Haven, Conn., Oct. 23,1790, died there, Feb. 25, 18G0. He graduated at Yale college in 1810, and was tutor there from 1812 to 1814. After a course of theological study he became pastor of a Congregational church in Middletown, Conn. In 1817 he was elected professor of rhetoric and oratory in Yale college, and continued in that office till 1839, when he was transferred to the professorship of pastoral theology.
He published in 1814 a Greek grammar, translated chiefly from Ha-chenberg; this he subsequently revised and enlarged, and published under his own name. In 1832 he published "Latin Lessons" and "Greek Lessons," in which the precepts of grammar are throughout accompanied by practical exercises. During several years he edited the "Quarterly Christian Spectator." In 1828 Noah Webster, his father-in-law, intrusted to him the superintendence of the octavo abridgment of his large dictionary, and he published in 1847 greatly enlarged and improved editions of the 4to and 8vo dictionaries. In 1856 he published in 8vo the new university edition of Webster's dictionary, and in 1859 a new issue of the unabridged 4to dictionary. At the time of his death he was engaged in a thorough revision of the dictionary, which was published in 1864. III. Samuel Griswold, better known under the assumed name of Peter Parley, an American author, nephew of the preceding, born in Ridgefield, Conn., Aug. 19, 1793, died in New York, May 9, 1860. He engaged in the publishing business in Hartford, and, after visiting Europe in 1824, established himself as a publisher in Boston, and edited from 1828 to 1842 the "Token," an illustrated annual, to which he contributed several tales and poems.
His popular Peter Parley series of juvenile books was begun soon after his removal to Boston, and gradually extended to more than 100 volumes, comprising geographies, histories, travels, stories, and various illustrations of the arts and sciences. The success of these works caused several spurious books to appear under his pseudo-nyme. In 1841 he established "Merry's Museum and Parley's Magazine," a juvenile periodical, which he edited till 1854. In 1851 he was appointed United States consul at Paris, and while there published in French Les Etats Urn's, apercu statistique, "historique, geogra-phique, industriel et social" (1852). He was also the author of " The Outcast, and other Poems "(1837; illustrated ed., 1851); "Fireside Education" (1841); "Sketches from a Student's Window;" "Recollections of a Lifetime" (1857); and "Illustrated Natural History of the Animal Kingdom" (1859). IV. Frank Boot, an American author, son of the preceding, born in Boston, Dec. 14, 1826. He graduated at Harvard college in 1845, and was for several years the Paris correspondent of the "New York Times," writing under the signature of "Dick Tinto." A volume made up from his letters was published in 1854, entitled "Tri-col-ored Sketches of Paris." He has also published "The Court of Napoleon" (1857), "Man upon the Sea" (1858), and "Women of Beauty and Heroism" (1859).