Windsor, Or New Windsor, a municipal and parliamentary borough and parish of Berkshire, England, on the brow of a hill above the right bank of the Thames, 23 m. W. of London; pop. within the municipal limits in 1871, 11,769. An iron bridge across the Thames connects Windsor with Eton. The town has a public ground, a handsome town hall, two churches, three dissenting chapels, two libraries, two hospitals, a dispensary and several other charitable endowments, charity and other schools, infantry barracks, and a theatre. - Windsor castle, the principal residence of the English monarchs, is E. of the town. The buildings cover 12 acres of ground, surrounded by a terrace on three sides 2,500 ft. in extent. They stand in the midst of the "Little park," about 4 m. in circumference, connected by a long avenue of trees S. of the castle with the " Great park," 18 m. in circuit, W. of which is Windsor forest, with a circuit of 56 m. Windsor was a residence of the Saxon kings before the Norman conquest, but the present castle was founded by William the Conqueror, and almost rebuilt by Edward III., under the direction of William of Wykeham, and again in 1824-'8, under that of Sir Jeffrey Wyatville. St. G-eorge's chapel is an excellent specimen of the florid style of Gothic architecture.
In the royal vault connected with the chapel, Henry VI., Edward IV. and his queen, Henry VIII. and Jane Seymour, Charles I., George III. and his queen, George IV., the princess Charlotte, the duke of Kent, the duke of York, William IV. and his queen, and other members of the royal family are interred. In the keep or round tower of the castle, sometimes used for royal prisoners, James I. of Scotland was confined. In the state rooms and corridor are many choice paintings, groups of statuary, etc. Frogmore, the favorite residence of Queen Charlotte and afterward of the duchess of Kent, is ½ m. from Windsor.
Windsor Castle (Birdseye View).