A N. County Of Illinois, bordering on Wisconsin, and drained by Rock and Pecatonica rivers; area, 508 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 29,301. The surface is mostly prairie and the soil is fertile. It has railroad communication with Chicago, The chief productions in 1870 were 411,074 bushels of wheat, 137,985 of rye, 1,237,406 of Indian corn, 868,903 of oats, 75,018 of barley, 266,272 of potatoes, 95,194 lbs. of wool, 640,827 of butter, 27,317 of cheese, and 33,010 tons of hay. There were 10,116 horses, 1,023 milch cows, 16,124 other cattle, 24,767 sheep, and 19,354 swine; 10 manufactories of agricultural implements, 8 of carriages and wagons, 3 of men's clothing, 2 of cotton goods, 5 of iron castings, 2 of machinery, 4 of paper, 4 of sash, doors, and blinds, and 12 flour mills. Capital, Rockford.
An E. County Of Wisconsin, bounded E. by Lake Winnebago, and drained by Fox and Wolf rivers; area, about 450 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 37,279; in 1875, 45,033. The surface is level and the soil fertile. It has railroad communication with Milwaukee. The chief productions in 1870 were 745,512 bushels of wheat, 190,397 of Indian corn, 364,143 of oats, 87,366 of potatoes, 175,020 lbs. of hops, 135,648 of wool, 721,265 of butter, 99,387 of cheese, and 47,294 tons of hay. There were 6,103 horses, 7,911 milch cows, 7,797 other cattle, 37,507 sheep, and 7,822 swine; 4 manufactories of boots and shoes, 19 of carriages and wagons, 7 of furniture, 2 of hubs and wagon material, 6 of iron castings, 5 of machinery, 2 of matches, 1 of printing paper, 4 of sash, doors, and blinds, 1 of wooden ware, 2 of woollens, 2.1 flour mills, 2 tanneries, 3 currying establishments, 8 breweries, 7 planing mills, and 49 saw mills. Capital, Oshkosh.
A N. County Of Iowa, bordering on Minnesota; area, 432 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 1.562. The surface consists of rolling prairies, and the soil is fertile. The chief productions in 1870 were 23,914 bushels of wheat, 8,040 of Indian corn, 12,545 of oats, 17,305 lbs. of butter, and 3,351 tons of hay. There were 236 horses, 1,059 cattle, 518 sheep, and 411 swine. Capital, Forest City.
Winnebago, a lake of Wisconsin, the largest within the limits of the state, occupying parts of Calumet, Fond du Lac, and Winnebago counties. Its length is 28 m. N. and S., greatest width about 10 m.; area, about 212 sq. m. Its depth is variable, and it is navigable in most parts. Fond du Lac, Oshkosh, and other towns are on its shores, and there is water communication to Green bay and Lake Michigan by the Fox river, which is improved by dams and locks. A wall of rocks extends along the E. border for 15 m., reaching in some places hundreds of feet below the surface.