Antoine Francois Van Der Meulen

Antoine Francois Van Der Meulen, a French artist, born in Brussels in 1634, died in Paris, Oct. 15, 1690. He was in early youth a pupil of Peter Snayers, a painter of battles, and was invited to Paris to paint campaign scenes in the life of Louis XIV. He passed the rest of his life there, and was esteemed as a painter of battles, hunting scenes, and cavalcades.

Antoine Frederic Ozanam

Antoine Frederic Ozanam, a French author, born in Milan, April 23, 1813, died in Marsettles, Sept. 8, 1853. He was the son of a physician who practised for some time in Italy. He studied philosophy at the college of Lyon's, went to Paris in 1831 to study law, and in 1833 was one of eight students who formed a charitable association which laid the foundation of the society of St. Vincent do Paul. He took his degree in 1836, and in 1839-40 was professor of mercantile jurisprudence at Lyons. Subsequently he assisted Fauriel in teaching foreign literature at the Sorbonne, and in 1844 succeeded him as professor. His Dante et la philosophic catholique au treizième siecle (Paris, 1839; enlarged ed., 1845) has been translated into English and Italian; and his Etudes ger-maniques pour servir à l'histoire des Francs (2 vols., 1847-9) obtained the great Gobert prize. He was prominent as an ultramontane writer. A complete edition of his works appeared in 1855, in 8 vols.

Antoine Jacques Louis Jourdan

Antoine Jacques Louis Jourdan, a French physician, born in Paris, Oct. 29, 1788, died there, Jan. 2, 1848. He was a surgeon in the army and in military hospitals till 1814, and took the degree of M. D. in Paris in 1819. He wrote Traite complet des maladies veneriennes (2 vols., 1826), Pharmacopee universelle (2 vols., 1828; 2d ed., 1840), and Dictionnaire raisonne, etymologique, synonymique et poly-glotte des termes unites dans les sciences (2 vols., 1834). He translated many works from the German (including those of Hahnemann), English, Italian, and Latin.

Antoine Jerome Balard

Antoine Jerome Balard, a French chemist, born in Montpellier, Sept. 30, 1802. He was an apothecary and subsequently professor of pharmacy and chemistry, and acquired celebrity in 1826 by the discovery of bromine in sea water, also by the extraction of sulphate of soda, which increased the supply and lowered the price of potash. He has written on these discoveries and on other subjects in the Annates de chimie et de physique, and in the Memoires of the academy. He succeeded Thenard in the chair of chemistry in the faculty of sciences of Paris, and Pelouze in the college de France in 1851. He became a member of the academy in 1844. In 1868 he was appointed inspector general of superior instruction and honorary professor at the faculty of sciences.

Antoine Joseph Jobert

Antoine Joseph Jobert, a French physician, known as Jobert de Lamballe, born in Brittany in 1799 or 1802, died in Paris, April 22, 1867. He took his degree of M. D. in 1828, and became one of the most distinguished surgeons of Paris, his new operations in diseases of the womb and his process of intussusception being generally adopted. In the latter part of his life he became insane. The French institute, of which he was a member, awarded a purse of 2,000 francs to his Traite theorique et pratique des maladies chirurgicales du canal intestinal (2 vols., Paris, 1829). His other works relate to his specialty of uterine diseases and his process of intestinal intussuscep-tion (invagination intestinale), including Traite de chirurgie plastique (2 vols., 1849), with a sequel, Traitement des fistules vesico-vaginales (1 vol., 1852); Des appareils electriques et des poissons electriques (1858); and Be la reunion en chirurgie (1864).