Bacuarach, a town of Rhenish Prussia, 26 m. by railway S. by E. of Coblentz, on the left bank of the Rhine; pop. about 1,800. It is surrounded by an old wall flanked with 12 towers, has a ruined Gothic church of St. Werner, and the dilapidated castle of Stahleck, and has long been celebrated for excellent wines, especially muscatel, although the Bacharach wines at the present day do not maintain their ancient repute. In the middle ages the town was with Cologne a chief depot of the wine trade, which is still active. The name is traditionally derived from a rock in the Rhine, called Bacchi ara (altar of Bacchus), the exposure of which in very dry weather is regarded as prophetic of a good vintage.
See Bartolommeo, Fra.
Baena (anc. Castra Viniana), a town of Spain, in the province and 34 m. S. E. of the city of Cordova; pop. about 11,600. Grain and oil are the chief articles of trade, and are exported to Malaga. The site of the old Roman town is still distinguishable.
Baeza (anc. Beatia), a city of Spain, in the province and 23 m. N. E. of the city of Jaen, 3 m. N. of the Guadalquivir; pop. 13,400. It* has a cathedral and several tine public edifices, of which the most noteworthy are the uni-versitv, the oratory of St. Philip Neri, the marble fountain with caryatides in the plaza, and the arch of Baeza. In the days when it was held by the Moors, it had a population of 50,000, was surrounded by a strong double wall, and contained the residence of several Moorish kings. The sculptor Gaspar Beoerra was born here in 1520. The trade and manufactures are inconsiderable.
Baffo, called the Pure, a Venetian woman of remarkable talent and beauty, who was captured in 1580 by corsairs while on the way with her father from Venice to Corfu, and carried to Constantinople, where she became the slave and afterward the sultana of Amu-rath III., over whom she exercised extraordinary influence. Amurath subjected the female attendants of Baffo to the torture in order to extract from them the secret of her fascination; but as they could confess nothing, the legitimacy of the sultana's influence was no longer questioned. After the death of the sultan she became adviser of her son Mohammed III., and her influence did not wane till 1603, when her grandson Ahmed consigned her to the old seraglio, where she died.
Bagheria, Or Bagarta, a town of Sicily, in the province and 9 m. E. S. E. of Palermo, on the railroad from Palermo to Termini; pop. 13,200. Near it are numerous villas of the nobility.
Bagil, Or Bughiil, a small state in N. W. India, on the S. bank of the Sutlej, in lat. 31° N., lon. 77° E.; area about 100 sq. m.; pop. about 40,000. The surface is generally mountainous, with two summits, Bahadurghar and Bara Devi, 6,233 and 7,003 ft. above the sea. The revenue of the state is only £5,000, but it maintains an army of 3,000 men.