Benevexte, a seaport town of Brazil, in the province of Espiritu Santo, at the mouth of a river of the same name, forming a good harbor, 47 m. S. of Victoria; pop. of the town and its district about 4,000. The port is one of the most frequented in the province, and many ships are built there. Agriculture and the coasting trade are the chief occupations of the district.

Beni, Or Veni

Beni, Or Veni, a department of Bolivia, traversed by the river Beni, and embracing the lofty mountains and immense wooded plains which cover the northern portion of the republic. These plains are watered by large rivers, which during the floods overflow their banks, inundating and fertilizing the surrounding regions. Its capital is Trinidad, and it is divided into the three provinces of Mojos, Yura-cares, and Caupolican. The probable area is 150,000 sq. m., with perhaps 54,000 inhabitants of European origin, besides some 10,000 Indians, but few of whom are civilized. Gold is found in some parts along the banks of the Beni. Large quantities of coca are produced, and some of the European grains and fruits. The climate is temperate and in winter even cold.

Benjamin Bameker

Benjamin Bameker, a negro mathematician and astronomer, born at Ellicott's Mills, Md., Nov. 9, 1731, died in October, 1806. His maternal grandmother was a white woman, who liberated and married one of her slaves, and from her he learned to read and write. After his 50th year he commenced the study of mathematics and astronomy, and from 1792 till his death published almanacs prepared from his own calculations. Thomas Jefferson transmitted the first one in manuscript to the secretary of the Paris academy of sciences, and sent a complimentary letter to the author. Ban-neker assisted in running the boundary lines of the District of Columbia and in laying out the city of Washington. A book of his city calculations is preserved in the Maryland historical society at Baltimore, which association has published two sketches of his life.

Benjamin Bussey

Benjamin Bussey, a merchant of Boston, born in Canton, Mass., March 1, 1757, died in Rox-bury, Jan. 13, 1842. At the age of 18 he enlisted as a private in the revolutionary army, and served for three or four years, when he married and began business as a silversmith in Dedham. At the end of the war he removed to Boston, where he engaged in foreign commerce and acquired a fortune, which he bequeathed to Harvard university, after the decease of certain relatives, to be used for the support of the law and divinity schools, and for the establishment of a school for instruction in practical agriculture. For this last purpose he devised a farm of several hundred acres in West Roxbury, near Boston, where in 1869-70 the government of the university built a college, and established a school of agriculture and horticulture. The amount of Mr. Bussey's bequest at the time of his death was estimated at $350,000.