Ben Lomond, a mountain of Scotland, in the N. W. of Stirlingshire, on the E. side of Loch Lomond. It forms the S. extremity of the Grampians or central Scottish highlands, rises to a height of 3,192 ft., and is covered with vegetation to the summit. On the N. side it terminates by an abrupt precipice 2,000 ft. high, while the S. E. side is a gentle declivity. The view from the summit is unsurpassed.
Ben Nevis, a mountain of Inverness-shire, Scotland, the second highest in Great Britain. It rises abruptly from the narrow plain which separates it from Loch Eil to a height of 4,370 ft. Its outline is well defined; its circumference at the base exceeds 24 m. The lower portion consists of granite, and is usually covered with rich grass; while the upper part is a mass of porphyry. In places near the summit snow lies the year round. When the atmosphere is clear the summit commands a view of 25 m. in every direction, extending from sea to sea.
Benda. I. Franz, a German violinist, born at Old Benatek, in Bohemia, in 1709, died at Potsdam in 1788. He acquired an extraordinary mastery of the violin, receiving his first lessons from a blind musician in a band of strolling players. In 1732 he entered the service of Frederick the Great, then prince royal, with whom he remained the rest of his long life. He founded a school of violinists, whose method of playing was original and effective. He also published some excellent solos for the violin. II. Georg, a composer, brother of the preceding, born in Bohemia in 1721, died at Kostritz in 1795. He passed many years of his life as a musician in the service of the courts of Prussia and Gotha, and improved his style by a visit to Italy. He composed a number of comic operas, and two of a serious character en-titled "AriadneinNaxos" and "Medea," which are written with much feeling and taste. Besides his operas, Benda wrote some excellent sonatas for the harpsichord.
Bene Duguay-Trouin,, a French admiral, born in St. Malo, June 10, 1673, died in Paris, Sept. 27, 1736. He distinguished himself as commander of a privateer in the war against England and Holland, and Louis XIV. presented him with a sword, and in 1697 gave him the command of a vessel in the navy. In the war of the Spanish succession he captured more than 300 merchant ships and 20 ships of war. But the exploit which won him the most •renown was the capture of Rio de Janeiro in 1711, which brought an immense sum of money to the French government. He was as generous and modest as he was brave.
Benedict Of Aniane, a Roman Catholic saint, born in Languedoc about 750, died near Aix-la-Chapelle, Feb. 11, 821. Having forsaken the court of Charlemagne, he established himself in a hermitage upon the bank of the Aniane in Languedoc. Such was the austerity of his life that disciples gathered around him, and in 782 he constructed a monastery for their reception. Here he instituted a reform in monastic discipline which was extensively adopted in other convents, and afterward was introduced into all the monasteries of Aquitaine in pursuance of authority received from Louis le Debonnaire. He finally assumed the direction of a monastery which was built expressly for him near Aix-la-Chapelle, aid there passed the remainder of his life. He induced the monks who were under his control to copy the works of the best authors, and thus rendered an important service to the cause of civilization. His code of rules was published at Paris in 1663.