See Dnieper.


Bosa, a town of the island of Sardinia, in the province of Cagliari, situated at the mouth of the river Termo; pop. 6,300. It is the seat of a Catholic bishop, has a college, and a considerable coral fishery.

Bosch, Or Bosco Bos, Hieronymns

Bosch, Or Bosco Bos, Hieronymns, surnamed the Joyous, a Flemish artist, born at Bois-le-Duc after the middle of the 15th century, died in the early part of the 16th. Few particulars of his life are known. He excelled in painting demons, monsters, infernal scenes, and similar fantastic subjects. Among his masterpieces are the "Temptation of St. Anthony," the "Flight into Egypt," the "Fall of the Angels," the "Adoration of the Kings," and the " Triumph of Death," mostly preserved in the art galleries of Spain, where Bos is believed to have spent a part of his life. His gloomy and wildly grotesque pictures and engravings were especially pleasing to Philip II.


See Bushmen.


Bosque, a central county of Texas, bounded E. by the Brazos river, and watered by North Bosque creek, and other affluents of the Brazos; area, 905 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 4,981, of whom 528 were colored. The surface is hilly or undulating; about one third of it is covered with forests of oak, live oak, and cedar. The soil is a dark loam resting on bases of hard blue limestone. The chief productions in 1870 were 38,665 bushels of wheat, 260,946 of corn, and 2,165 bales of cotton. There were 8,071 horses, 4,829 milch cows, 21,022 other cattle, 5,607 sheep, and 8,971 swine. Capital, Meridian.


Bossier, a N.W, parish of Louisiana, bordering on Arkansas, bounded E. and S. E. by Dauchite river and Bistineau lake, and S. W. and W. by Red river; area, 1,066 sq.m.; pop. in 1870, 12,675, of whom 3,505 were colored. Badeau lake is in this parish. The chief productions in 1870 were 287,660 bushels of Indian corn, 11,422 of sweet potatoes, and 13,506 bales of cotton. There were 1,553 horses, 1,564 mules and asses, 2,788 milch cows, 4,401 other cattle, 1,917 sheep, and 9,994 swine. Capital, Bellevue.

Bostan, Or Al-Bostan

Bostan, Or Al-Bostan(Arab., the garden), a town of Asiatic Turkey, on the Sihun (Sarus), and on the N. side of Mount Taurus, 40 m. N. W. of Marash; pop. about 9,000. It is situated in a well watered and well cultivated plain, whence its name. It contains several mosques, is surrounded by many villages dependent upon its authority, and trades extensively in wheat with the Turkomans. It is generally supposed that Bostan is on or near the site of the ancient Oappadocian city of Comana.


Boston, a game played by four persons, with two packs of cards. The cards are never shuffled; one of the packs is dealt, and the other cut alternately to determine the trump. The dealer gives five cards to each player twice, and three the last time around. If the first player can make five tricks, he says, "I go Boston;" and his competitors may overbid him by saying, "I go 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, or 13," as the hand of each may warrant. Should either of them fail to make the number of tricks he "bids" for, he must pay to each competitor a forfeit regulated by a card of prices prepared beforehand. Boston is the most complicated of all games of cards. It is said to have been introduced into France by Franklin, and was called after his native city.