Decimus Cselius Balbinus, a Roman emperor, slain in A. D. 238. He was a senator, and twice consul, and was elected emperor by the senate in conjunction with Maximus, in opposition to Maximin - a third emperor, the young Gordia-nus, being adjoined to them by the clamors of the people and the soldiery. Maximin being killed by his own mutinous soldiers at the siege of Aqnileia, Maximus was triumphantly received in Rome; but soon falling out with Balbi-nus, he depended only for his support upon a body of Germanic barbarians against the praetorians, who disliked both emperors. While the citizens were witnessing the Capitoline games, the two rulers were put to death by the praetorians, who proclaimed the boy Gordianus sole emperor.
Decimus Junius A Roman Soldier Brutus, executed in 43 B. C. He served under Caesar in the Gallic war, and in the civil war commanded the fleet which besieged Massilia. Caasar afterward appointed him to the government of Further Gaul, and showed him special favors. Nevertheless he joined the conspiracy against Caesar, and on the ides of March conducted him to the senate house. After the assassination he retired to Cisalpine Gaul, and there maintained himself for some time, standing a siege in Mutina (Modena) against Antony, which early in 43 was raised by the consuls Hirtius and Pansa, and Octavius. But when Octavius had made common cause and combined operations with Antony, Brutus was deserted by his troops, betrayed to Antony, and put to death.
Decimus Magnus Ausomus, a Latin poet and grammarian, born at Burdigala (Bordeaux) about A. D. 310, died about 394, He practised law for a time in his native town, and afterward became a teacher of grammar and rhetoric. In 367 he was selected by the emperor Valentinian to be tutor to his son Gratian, whom he accompanied into Germany the following year, He rose successively to the honorary titles and dignities of count of the empire, quaestor, governor of Gaul, Libya, and Latium, and lastly, in 379, of consul. His poetry is characterized by extreme licentiousness and pruriency, and is bald of invention and redundant in ornament. There has been much discussion whether Au-sonius was a Christian or a pagan. The best editions of Ausonius are: a very rare one by Tollius (Amsterdam, 1671), with a commentary of Scaliger, and selected notes by various critics; the Delphin edition; and the Bipont of 1783, which is correct and of authority.
Decize (anc. Decetia), a town of France, in the department of Nievre, 18 m. S. E. of Severs; pop. in 1866, 4,594. It is on an island in the Loire, at the junction of the Aron, and at the head of the Mvernais canal, connected with one bank of the Loire by a suspension, and with the other by an immense stone bridge. On a rock which forms the highest point of the island stands an old castle formerly belonging to the dukes of Nevers, but used since 1849 as a hospital. Among the other buildings is a church of the 10th century. The country around De-cize contains some of the richest coal mines in France, and the town has large iron and tin works and an extensive manufactory of bottles.