Ernesto Camillo Sivori

Ernesto Camillo Sivori, an Italian violinist, born in Genoa, June 6, 1817. At the age of four years he was able to perform whatever he heard his sisters play or sing. He received lessons successively from Restano, Dellepiane, Costa, and Paganini, but modelled his playing chiefly upon that of the last named. His first concerts were given at Paris and in England when he was but ten years old. He then studied counterpoint for eight years under Ser-ra, and afterward gave concerts throughout Europe. In 1846 he visited the United States in company with the pianist Herz, and went also to Mexico and South America. Next engaging in a mercantile enterprise in Italy, he lost all his earnings and was obliged to resume his artistic career. He has composed a number of concertos, fantasias, and other pieces.

Ernst Deger

Ernst Deger, a German painter, born at Bockenem, Hanover, April 15, 1809. He studied at Berlin and afterward at Dtisseldorf, under Wilhelm von Schadow. His first efforts were oil pictures, among which are some altar-pieces of merit, especially a madonna and child in the church of St. Andrew at Dtisseldorf. In 1851 he completed the fresco painting for the church of St. Apollinaris, near Remagen, on the Rhine, and was engaged by Frederick William IV. of Prussia, to paint the chapel of the castle of Stolzenfels. In 1857 he sent for exhibition at the salon of Paris a picture of the infant Jesus, and in 1859 one of the Virgin Mary. He is a professor and member of the academy of fine arts in Munich.

Ernst Friedrich August Rietschel

Ernst Friedrich August Rietschel, a German sculptor, born in Pulsnitz, Saxony, Dec. 15, 1804, died in Dresden, Feb. 21, 1861. He studied under Rauch and in Italy, settled in Dresden, and was appointed professor in the academy of fine arts. Among his works are a colossal group of "Mary weeping over the Body of Christ;" statues of Lessing, Goethe, Schiller, and Weber; "Love taming a Panther;" "Love borne by a Panther;" the "Four Hours of the Day;" and busts of Luther and Augustus II. of Poland and Saxony for the Walhalla.

Ernst Friedricli Zwirner

Ernst Friedricli Zwirner, a German architect, born at Jakobswald, Silesia, Feb. 28, 1802, died in Cologne, Sept. 22, 1861. He was a pupil of the school of architecture at Breslau, and afterward studied under Schinkel in Berlin. He was attached to the superior administration of architecture in 1828. and executed several important works, mostly after the plans of Schinkel. In 1833 he was appointed architect of the cathedral of Cologne, which had been commenced about 600 years before. Zwirner drew his plans, made the necessary estimates, and then appealed to Germany for assistance. The transept and the north and south portals were completed according to his designs a little more than a year after his death. He designed and in several cases superintended the erection of numerous churches and castles along the banks of the Rhine. At the time of his death he was president of the council of architecture of the province of Cologne, and a Prussian Privy councillor.