Erostratus, Or Herostratus

Erostratus, Or Herostratus, an Ephesian who lived in the middle of the 4th century B. C, and whom a deed of infamy has given a place in history. On the night in which Alexander the Great was born, in 356 B. C, he set fire to the great temple of Diana at Ephesus, which was utterly destroyed. When it was ascertained who had perpetrated the sacrilege, Erostratus was arrested and put to the torture. Being asked why he had committed such an act, he replied, "To make my name immortal." The Ephesians thereupon passed a decree consigning his name to oblivion; but this ordinance proved vain, for Theopompus mentions the name in his history.

Erpenius, Or Van Erpen, Thomas

Erpenius, Or Van Erpen, Thomas, a Dutch orientalist, born in Gorkum, Sept. 7,1584, died in Leyden, Nov. 18, 1624. He was educated at the university of Leyden, travelled in England, France, Germany, and Italy, and perfected himself at Paris and Venice in Arabic, Turkish, Persian, and Ethiopic. In 1612 he returned to Holland, was appointed oriental professor at the university of Leyden, and established a press for the printing of Arabic works, with Latin translations by himself. He was subsequently appointed oriental interpreter to the Dutch government. He wrote many important works, including an Arabic grammar which remained the standard text book for more than a century.

Erse

See Celts, Languages and Literature Of The.

Erskine Nicol

Erskine Nicol, a British painter, born in Leith in July, 1825. He became an apprentice to a house painter in Edinburgh, and in his leisure hours studied at the trustees' academy. He was drawing master in the high school of Leith, and afterward practised his profession in Dublin, where he acquired his familiarity with Irish characteristics, He removed to London in 1862, and became an associate of the royal academy in 1866. He began to exhibit bis pictures at the academy in 1851. Among his works are: "Did it Pout with its Betsey?" (1857); "Renewal of the Lease refused" (1863); "Among the Old Masters" and " Waiting for the Train" (1864); and "A Deputation" (1865).

Erust August Hagen

Erust August Hagen, a German author, born in Konigsberg, April 12, 1797. While at the university of his native city he wrote a romance, Olfrid und Lisena (1820). In 1821 he visited Rome, and in 1824 lectured at Konigsberg on the history of art and literature; and in 1825 he was appointed professor in this department. As founder of the Prussian antiquarian society at Konigsberg, he edited (1846 -,57) the Neue preussische Provinzialblatter. He published the art histories, Norica (Bres-lau, 1827; English translation, London, 1851), Die Chronik seiner Vaterstadt vom Florentine)' Ghiberti (Leipsic, 1833), and Wunder der hei-ligen Katharina von Siena, and Leonardo da Vinci in Mailand (1840). Among his other works are Die deutsche Kunst in unserm Jahr-hundert (1857), and Acht Jahre aus dem Leben Michel Angela Buonarotti's (1864).