Francois Emile Lansac

Francois Emile Lansac, a French painter, born at Tulle in 1805. He studied under Langlois and Ary Scheffer, and excels in painting horses and equestrian pictures. His " Olivier de Clis-son" and "Napoleon I." are at Versailles. His other principal works are "Horses at Liberty" and " English Terrier " (1857), "The Death of Ravenswood" (1861), "Charles II." (1864), "The Broken Girth" (1868), and "A Russian Team" (1869).

Francois Endes De Mezekay

Francois Endes De Mezekay, a French historian, born at Ry, near Argentan, in 1610, died in Paris, July 10, 1683. He served for two campaigns as commissary in the army, after which he wrote his Histoire de France (3 vols., 1643-'51). He received from the king the title of historiographer royal, and a pension of 4,000 livres, which he forfeited in 1668 by publishing an abridgment of his Histoire containing severe reflections on French taxation. He was also elected a member of the French academy, and in 1675 its perpetual secretary. His history of France has been continued down to 1830 (Paris, 1839).

Francois Gayot De Pitaval

Francois Gayot De Pitaval, a French author, born in Lyons in 1673, died in Paris in 1743. He left the army to become an advocate, and compiled many works, the principal of which is Causes celebres et interessantes (20 vols., Paris, 1734-'43), of which continuations appeared by Francois Eicher (22 vols., Amsterdam, 1772-'88; German translation, 4 vols., Jena, 1792-5, with a preface by Schiller). Numerous abridgments and translations have appeared. A similar compilation has appeared in Leipsic since 1842, under the title Der neue Pitaval; the first 30 volumes were edited by Hitzig and Haring, and subsequent volumes by Vollert, the total work comprising in 1875 nearly 50 vols.

Francois Joseph Bosio

Francois Joseph Bosio, baron, a French sculptor, born in Monaco, Italy, March 19, 1769, died in Paris, July 29,1845. He studied under Pajou, but became to some extent a follower of Canova, was employed by Napoleon and by the successive Bourbon and Orleans dynasties, and was ennobled by Charles X. He executed the bass reliefs of the column on the place Ven-d6me, the equestrian statue on the place des Victoires, and many other works in France and Italy, among the best known of which are those connected with the mausoleum of the countess Demidoff in Pere-la-Chaise. He was a member and eventually director of the Paris academy of fine arts.

Francois Joseph Heim

Francois Joseph Heim, a French painter, born in Belfort, Dec. 16, 1787, died in Paris, Oct. 2, 1805. He decorated the ceiling of the gallery of Charles X. in the Louvre with a representation of Vesuvius receiving from Jupiter the fire which was to destroy Pompeii and Hercu-laneum. His allegory of the renaissance of the arts, on the ceiling of the French gallery in the same building, was much admired.

Francois Joseph Nayez

Francois Joseph Nayez, a Belgian painter, born in Charleroi, Nov. 17, 1787, died in Brussels in 1869. He studied at Brussels, won a prize at Ghent, became a pupil of J. L. David in Paris, and subsequently visited Italy. On returning to Brussels he rapidly rose to be the most eminent master of the academical school of painting, and became director of the academy of fine arts and professor in the normal school. Among his works are: "Hagar in the Desert," "Meeting of Isaac and Rebecca," " Raising of the Son of the Su-lamite Woman," "The Prophet Samuel," "The Ascension of the Virgin," "Marriage of the Virgin," '"Jesus Sleeping," and "The Virgin and the Infant Jesus".