Georg Heinrich Gortz, baron, a Swedish statesman, born in Germany, executed in Stockholm in March, 1719. He belonged to an ancient family, whose original name was Schlitz. He became minister of Holstein, and was sent in 1706 on a mission to Charles XII., who made him his minister of finance and afterward prime minister. In both positions he evinced rare abilities, as well as great unconcern in the choice of his means. He was endeavoring to restore the fallen fortunes of Sweden by an extraordinary diplomatic combination (see Charles XII.) when the king was killed at the siege of Frederikshald (1718), and he was arrested and sentenced to the block by Ulrica Eleonora and her husband Frederick of Hesse, who succeeded to the Swedish throne. The pretext for his execution was that he had mismanaged the finances and goaded on Charles to fatal enterprises.
Georg Herwegh, a German poet, born in Stuttgart, May 31, 1817. He studied theology at Tubingen, but devoted himself to literature, and attracted attention in 1841 by the publication in Switzerland of his Gedichte eines Le-bendigen, a collection of political poems, which passed through seven editions in two years (9th ed., 1871). He was expelled from Prussian territory on account of a letter which he addressed to the king, and also from Zurich, but found an asylum in Basel, where he completed the 2d volume of his Gedichte (1844), in a decidedly revolutionary tone. Subsequent ly residing in Paris, he put himself, soon after the revolution of 1848, at the head of a legion of French and German laborers, crossed the Rhine intending to revolutionize Germany, and appeared in Baden in April, but was defeated at Dossenbach by the Wurtemberg troops, and fled with his wife to Switzerland. He now fives in Berlin.
Georg Moller, a German architect, born at Diepholz, Hanover, Jan. 21, 1784, died March 13,1852. He studied in Carlsruhe and in Italy, and was architect of the grand ducal court at Darmstadt. He published in 1818 a facsimile of the original design of the cathedral of Cologne, which he had discovered in Darmstadt, and which, with an additional design found subsequently, is followed in the completion of the two towers of that edifice. His works include many public and private buildings in Darmstadt and other places, and the ducal palace in Wiesbaden. His principal publications are: Denkmalev deutscher Kunst (3 vols., Darmstadt, 1815-'45); ,Denlcmaler deut-sclier Bauhunst (1821); and Beitrdge zur Con-structionslehre (6 numbers, 1835-'42).
Georg Moritz Ebers, a German Egyptologist, born in Berlin, March 1, 1837. He studied at Gottingen and Berlin, and taught for several years at the university of Jena. After a visit to Egypt, Nubia, and Arabia, he received in 1870 a professorship at Leipsic. His first publication, Eine agyptische Kunigstochter (3 vols., Stuttgart, 1864), which describes the subjugation of Egypt by the Persians in the style of a historical novel, has passed through numerous editions, and was translated in Holland, England, and America (New York, 1871). His subsequent works are more scientific; the most important are Aegypten und die Bucker Mose's (1st vol., Leipsic, 1868) and Lurch Gosen zum Sinai (1872).