Georg Phillips, a German historian, born in Konigsberg, Jan. 6, 1804, died near Salzburg, Sept. 6, 1872. His parents were Protestants of English descent. He was educated at Munich and Berlin, and became a member and an ardent defender of the Roman Catholic church. In 1833 he was appointed professor of civil law at Munich, in 1849 of canon law and legal history at Innspruck, and in 1851 of legal history at Vienna. In 1838 he founded with Gorres the Historisch-politische Blatter, an ultramontane organ. He published Grundsatze des ge-meinen deutschen Privatrechts (3d ed., 2 vols., Berlin, 1846); Englische Reichs- und Rechts-geschichte (2 vols., 1827-8); Deutsche Ge-schichte (2 vols., 1832-4); Das Kirchenrecht (7 vols., Ratisbon, 1845-'69); Deutsche Reichs-und Rechtsgeschichte (2 vols., Munich, 1845-'50; 5th ed., 1875); Lehrluch des Kirchen-rechts (2 vols., 1861-'2; 2ded., 1871); and Ver-mischte Schriften (3 vols., Vienna, 1856-'60).
Georg Von Derfflinger(originally Dorf-ling), a German soldier, born in Bohemia in March, 1606, died Feb. 4, 1695. At the age of 14 he fought in the Protestant army at the battle of Prague, and some ten years later entered the Swedish army as an officer under Gus-tavus Adolphus. His conduct in the Swedish victory at Leipsic, 1642, gained him the rank of major general. Afterward he entered the service of the elector of Brandenburg as lieutenant general, and distinguished himself against the Poles, Swedes, and French. In 1670 he became field marshal, and in 1674 baron of the German empire; routed the Swedes near Rathenau, June 15, 1675, and at Fehrbellin three days afterward, and secured the greater portion of Pomerania for the elector. In 1678 he was made military governor of lower Pomerania; and in the winter campaign of 1678-'9 he caused 9,000 soldiers and 30 guns to cross the ice on sleds as far as Tilsit, and routed the Swedes near the latter city.
Georg Von Vega, baron, a German mathematician, born at Sagoritza, a village in Carniola, in 1756, murdered in 1802. He studied in Laybach, joined first the navy, then the army, and in 1784 became a military instructor in mathematics. He distinguished himself in the wars against the Turks and the French, and was ennobled in 1800. His dead body was discovered in the Danube, Sept. 26, 1802, and 30 years later it was brought to light that he had been thrown into the river by a miller while walking on its bank. His Vorlesungen über die Mathematikr Logarithmisch-trigonometrisches Handbuch, Thesaurus Logarithmorum completus, Anleitung zur Zeitkunde, Naturliches Mass-, Müm- und Geicichtssystem, and Logarithmentafeln have been many times republished; the last named work reached in 1876 its 57th edition.
Georg Waitz, a German historian, born in Flensburg, Oct. 9, 1813. He was professor at Kiel from 1842 to 1848, a member of the Frankfort parliament in 1848-'9, and subsequently professor of history at Gottingen till 1875, when he was transferred to Berlin as editor of the Monumenta Germanim Historica, in conjunction with Mommsen and other scholars, to which he had previously made important contributions. His works include Deutsche Verfassungsgeschichte (4 vols., Kiel, 1843-'61; 2d ed., 1865 et seq.); Die Schleswig-holsteinische Geschichte (2 vols., Gottingen, 1851-'4); Grundzuge der Politih (Kiel, 1862); and Die Formeln der deutschen Königs- und der römischen KaiserTcronung vom 10. bis zum 12. JdhrTiundert (Gottingen, 1873).