Gorres ,.I. Jakob Joseph von, a German author, born in Coblentz, Jan. 25, 1776, died in Munich, Jan. 29, 1848. After the proclamation of the French republic he gave up the study of medicine to devote himself to politics. His ardent republicanism showed itself in his first writings, and caused the suppression of a periodical published by him. In 1799 he went to Paris at the head of a deputation sent by the German provinces on the left bank of the Rhine to prepare the way for a complete union with France. Bonaparte, just raised to power by the coup d'etat of the 18th Brumaire, could not find time to confer with the German deputation, and Gorres returned home with his republican hopes much weakened. After his return he was appointed professor of natural sciences in the college of Coblentz, and he soon afterward published several philosophical works, all pervaded with the prevalent idealism. In 1803 he lectured in the university of Heidelberg, where he resided till 1808, publishing Die deutschen Volksbucher, and editing the Einsie-dlerzeitung. Returning to Coblentz, he published several works on Asiatic mythology and German mediaeval literature.

In 1814, after the fall of Napoleon, he established Der Rhei-nische Mercur, which advocated the restoration of the German empire; it was suppressed by the Prussian government in 1816. In 1820 appeared his Deutschland und die Revolution, warning sovereigns that a new revolution was inevitable unless God and the Catholic church were made supreme in the restored political state. In 1827, after having resided in France and Switzerland, he was appointed professor of history in the university of Munich. The difficulty which arose in 1837 between the archbishop of Cologne and the Prussian government induced him to write his Athanasius, in which he espoused the cause of the archbishop, and which had great influence on the Catholics of Germany. This he followed up by other writings, and he founded the periodical Histo-risch-politische Blatter, which took a leading part in Catholic literature. In 1844 he once more advocated the political union of Germany. In 1845 he was elected a member of the Munich academy of science; and he published about that time treatises on ethnology regarded as fragments of a comprehensive universal history, which he did not live to complete.

His principal work is Christliche Mystik (4 vols., Ratisbon, 1836-'42 ). A complete edition of his works, edited by his daughter, has been published (8 vols., Munich, 1856-60). A sketch of his life was published by his pupil Sepp in 1848. H. Guido, a German author, son of the preceding, born in Coblentz, May 28, 1805, died July 14, 1852. After the death of his hither he edited the Historisch-politische Blatter, but is chiefly known by his poems, legendary writings, and juvenile books. Among these are: Die Jungfrau von Orleans (1834); Schon Roslein (1838); Testkalender in Bildem und Liedern (3 vols., 1835-'9); Marienlieder (1842); Der hurnene Siegfried und sein Kampf mit dem Drachen, illustrated by Kaul-bach (1843); Die Gottesfahrt nach Trier and des Tenfels Landsturm (1844); and Die arme Pilgerin sum heilige Rocke (1846).