Jacques Barrelier

Jacques Barrelier, a French botanist, born in Paris in 1606, died Sept. 17, 1673. He renounced the medical profession to enter the Dominican order. In 1646 he was selected as assistant of the general of the order on one of his tours of inspection, travelled through France, Spain, and Italy, collected numerous specimens of plants, and also founded and superintended a splendid garden in a convent of his order at Rome, where he remained many years. He afterward returned to Paris and entered the convent in the rue St. Honore. He left unfinished a general history of plants, to be entitled Hortus Mundi. The copperplates of his intended work, and such of his papers as could be found, were collected and made the basis of a book by Antoine de Jus-sieu, Plantae per Galliam, Hispaniam et Ita-liam observatae, etc. (folio, Paris, 1714).

Jacques Benigne Winslow

Jacques Benigne Winslow, a French anatomist, born in Odense, Denmark, in 1669, died in Paris in 1760. He studied medicine and settled in Paris, where he became lecturer at the jardin du roi (afterward the jardin des plantes). His name is given to the "foramen of Winslow," an opening or passage behind the right-hand edge of the gastro-splenic omentum, by which the general cavity of the peritoneum communicates with a posterior cavity included between the stomach and transverse colon.

His principal work is Exposition anatomique de la structure du corps humain (Paris, 1732), which was translated into many languages.

Jacques Bernard

Jacques Bernard, a French writer, born at Nyons, Sept. 1, 1658, died April 27, 1718. In 1679 he became pastor of the Reformed church at Vinsobres. During the persecutions that preceded the revocation of the edict of Nantes his church was destroyed and he fled to Switzerland, where he gave lessons in mathematics and French. He afterward went to the Hague and opened a school for belles-lettres, philosophy, and mathematics. He continued the publication of the Bibliotheque universelle which had been undertaken by Leclerc, and in 1693 succeeded Bayle as editor of the Noumlles de, la republique des lettres, and, although very inferior to his predecessor, continued to conduct it till his death, with the exception of the interval from 1710 to 1716. He published several historical and religious works, including a history of Europe in 5 vols., of the peace of Ryswick in 5 vols., and a collection of treatises since the time of Charlemagne in 4 vols.

Jacques Brut As

Jacques Brut As, a French Jesuit missionary, born in 1637, die'd at Sault St. Louis, Canada, June 15,1712. He arrived in Canada in August, 1666, and was almost immediately employed in the Iroquois missions, which he contributed more perhaps than any other to found. He studied the Mohawk language thoroughly, and wrote several works on it. His Radices Ver-borum Iroquceorum, or " Radical Words of the Mohawk Language," was published at New York in 1862.