Jnste Daniel Olivier

Jnste Daniel Olivier, a Swiss poet, born at Eysins, Vaud, Oct, 18, 1807. He studied at Lausanne, where he gained a prize in 1825 for his poem Marcos Botzaris. He was professor of history and literature at Neufchatel and Lausanne till 1842, when through political complications he settled in Paris. His works comprise five volumes of poetry (1830-'35), and his Chansons lointaines (Paris, 1847; new ed., 1854) are his finest productions. Among his prose writings are: Le canton de Vaud (2 vols., Lausanne, 1837-41), Etudes d'histoire natio-nale (1842), Mouvemenl intellectucldc la Suisse (Paris, 1847), and several novels.

Jo Daviess

Jo Daviess, the N. W. county of Illinois, bordering on Wisconsin, and separated from Iowa by the Mississippi river; area, 650 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 27,820. The surface is moderately uneven, and the soil is fertile and watered by numerous small streams: The county abounds in lead ore, and also contains copper. The Mineral Point and Illinois Central railroads pass through it. The chief productions in 1870 were 283,613 bushels of wheat, 1,286,326 of Indian corn, 874,016 of oats, 201,015 of potatoes, 66,650 lbs. of wool, 32,476 of flax, 655,681 of butter, and 34,372 tons of hay. There were 8,528 horses, 10,309 milch cows, 18,329 other cattle, 17,517 sheep, and 34,591 swine; 4 manufactories of agricultural implements, 17 of carriages, 3 of pig lead, 3 of machinery, 2 of marble and stone work, 10 of saddlery and harness, 9 of tin, copper, and sheet-iron ware, 3 of woollen goods, 2 flour mills, and 7 breweries. Capital, Galena.

Joachim

Joachim, king of Naples. See Murat.

Joachim Bodvet

Joachim Bodvet, a French Jesuit missionary, born at Le Mans about 1662, died in Peking, June 28,1732. Sent by Louis XIV. to China, he was employed by the Chinese emperor in directing various public buildings, and allowed to build a church within the imperial city. On his return to France in 1697, he presented to Louis XIV. 49 Chinese works, and in 1699 departed again for China with 10 other missionaries. He labored for nearly 50 years to promote the progress of the sciences in that empire, gave an account of the state of China in several treatises and letters, and composed a Chinese dictionary, which has never been printed.

Joachim Justus Breithaipt

Joachim Justus Breithaipt, a German clergyman, born at Nordheim, Hanover, in 1658, died March 16, 1732. He was professor at Halle from 1691 to 1705, and published Insti-tutiones Theologicce (1694), De Credendis et Agendis (1716-'32), and several hymns which were translated into English by John Wesley.

Joachim Liebhard

See Camerarius.

Joachim Raff

Joachim Raff, a German composer, born at Lachen, Switzerland, June 27, 1822. He devoted his early years to science and literature quite as much as to music. In 1843 he published a number of light pieces for the pianoforte; which met with such success that he renounced his career as a school teacher and gave himself up to the art of music. Removing to Weimar, he wrote under the auspices of Liszt, for the theatre of that city, an opera entitled König Alfred, which possessed no decided merit. He has since resided in Cologne, Stuttgart, and Wiesbaden, devoting himself to musical composition and to writing upon musical topics. He is one of the most prolific composers of the present day, having published about 200 pieces, mostly for the pianoforte. The works upon which his reputation chiefly rests are his six symphonies, among which the Leonore and Im Walde are most noted.