See Canal, vol. iii., p. 684.
Ludwigsburg, a town of Wurtemberg, 8 m. N. of Stuttgart; pop. in 1871, 11,785. It is the second residence of the king of "Wurtemberg, and its vast palace, one of the largest in Germany, has a fine collection of paintings and spacious gardens. It has several churches, a lyceum, a military school, an eye infirmary, a famous Protestant educational institution (the Salon), an arsenal, and a cannon foundery. The principal manufactures are woollens, cotton, linen, earthenware, leather, jewelry, and organs. David Strauss was born and died here.
Ludwigshafen, a town of Bavaria, in the Palatinate, opposite Mannheim, on the left bank of the Rhine, which is here crossed by an iron railway bridge; pop. in 1871, 7,874. It was formerly called the Rheinschanze (redoubt of the Rhine), and serves as bridge head to Mannheim. It received its present name from King Louis I. in April, 1843, since which time, owing to the active trade, especially with Paris, Frankfort, and Mentz, the population has rapidly increased.
Luea Cambiaso, called Luciietto da. Ge-nova, a Genoese artist, born at or near Genoa in 1527, died in Madrid in 1585. His best works are the " Martyrdom of St. George" and the " Rape of the Sabines." At the invitation of Philip II. he visited' Spain in 1583, and executed a fine composition, representing the "Assemblage of the Blessed," on the ceiling of the Escurial.
Lugano, a town of Switzerland, alternately with Locarno and Bellinzona capital of the canton of Ticino, on Lake Lugano, 38 m. N. N. W. of Milan; pop. in 1870, 6,024. The church of Sta. Maria degli Angioli contains a famous fresco painting of Bernardino Luini. The town has also a large theatre, manufactories of silks, leather, and iron ware, and is an important entrepot of trade between Italy and France. - The lake of Lugano, which has a length of about 20 m. and an average breadth of 2 m., has magnificent scenery, and is connected by the river Tresa with the Lago Mag-giore. Its shape is very irregular. The N. E. portion of it belongs to Italy, as well as the terminations of its W. and S. arms.
Luigi Bossi, count, an Italian historian and archaeologist, born in Milan, Feb. 28, 1758, died there, April 10, 1835. He studied jurisprudence and natural sciences in Pavia, and became Bonaparte's agent in Turin, and after the annexation of Sardinia to France keeper of the Italian archives. He was the author of over 80 works on archaeological, scientific, and historical subjects, including Storia della Spagna (8 vols., 1821), Istoria d'Italia (19 vols., 1819-'23), Introduzione allo studio delle arti del disegno, and a volume of dramas, besides contributions to periodicals and academical annals. He also published an elaborate edition in Italian of Roscoe's " Life of Leo X." (12 vols., Milan, 1816-'17).