Margaret Wofflygtotf

Margaret Wofflygtotf, commonly called Peg Woffington, an Irish actress, born in Dublin in 1718 or 1719, died March 28, 1760. She was of poor parentage, and when she was about nine years old was one of a company of children who performed in a show booth. A few years afterward she appeared in Dublin, and obtained an engagement at one of the principal theatres, where she played with great success. In 1740 she made her first appearance in London at Covent Garden, where, except for a short time, she continued to perform until her retirement from the stage in 1759. She was remarkably beautiful, and has rarely been excelled as a comic actress. Her early life was exceedingly loose, but she reformed, and became simple in her tastes and habits, devout, and respectable.

Margaritone Darezzo

Margaritone D'Arezzo, an Italian artist, born in Arezzo about 1236 (according to Wor-num; about 1215 according to others), died there at the age of 77. He attained great celebrity in Italy before the time of Cimabue. He executed many works in fresco and distemper in the churches and convents of Arezzo, in the Byzantine style, of which few remains are now to he seen. His "San Francesco," however, which Vasari calls one of his masterpieces, still exists, and bears his inscription. He was more celebrated as a sculptor than as a painter, and one of his chief works, a reclining statue of Pope Gregory X., is still preserved at Arezzo.

Margate

Margate, a seaport town of Kent, England, on the isle of Thanet, 15 m. N. E. of Canterbury, and 63 m. E. by S., of London; pop. in 1871, 12,054. The great source of prosperity is the visitors in summer, who occasionally number, it is said, 100,000.

Margrave

See Marquis.

Marguerite Eleonorc Clotildc De Vallon-Clialys De Surville

Marguerite Eleonorc Clotildc De Vallon-Clialys De Surville, a French lady of the 15th century, the reputed authoress of remarkable posthumous poems first collected in 1803 by Vander-bourg. They have been ascribed to her descendant, the marquis Joseph Etienne de Sur-ville, a royalist executed in 1798, and with less probability to the publisher Vanderbourg himself. The poems are in the style of the 15th centurv, and refer to Clotilde's husband Beren-ger de Surville, who fell during the defence of Orleans against the English. Other parts of them are believed to apply to the persecutions endured by Louis XVI. The publication has given rise to a long controversy, but even those who, like Villemain and Sainte-Beuve, question its genuineness, unite in praising the genius of the work.

Maria Brooks

Maria Brooks, an American poetess, known also by the name of "Maria del Occidente," which she first received from Robert Southey, born at Medford, Mass., about 1795, died at Matanzas, Cuba, Nov. 11, 1845. Her family were Welsh, her maiden name being Gowen. Having lost her father while young, she attracted the regard of Mr. Brooks, a Boston merchant, who completed her education at his own expense, and afterward married her. She published nothing till 1820, when "Judith, Esther, and other Poems " appeared. On the death of her husband in 1823 she removed to Cuba, where she came into possession of some property, and where she finished her principal work, "Zophiel, or the Bride of Seven," the first canto of which was published in Boston in 1825. In 1830 she visited Paris and London, still improving her work, which appeared in London in 1833. In 1843 she published " Idomen, or the Vale of Yumuri." Her " Ode to the Departed" was written in 1843.