Maskinonge, a S. W. county of Quebec, Canada, bounded S. E. by Lake St. Peter, an expansion of the St. Lawrence river; area, 3,221 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 15.079, of whom 14,782 were of French origin or descent. It is drained in the N. W. by the Gatineau and Du Lieyre rivers, and in the S. E. by the Mas-kinonge and Du Loup rivers and other streams. Capital, Riviere du Loup.


See Bible, vol. ii., p. 610.

Masovia, Or Mazovia

Masovia, Or Mazovia, during the earlier centuries of independent Poland, a duchy or principality on both sides of the middle Vistula, inhabited by the Mazurs, a Polish tribe. In the Russian kingdom of Poland as established in 1815, it formed a palatinate with Warsaw as its capital. It is now mainly embraced in the government of Warsaw.


Mass!, a town of Italy, capital of the province of Massa e Carrara, on the Frigido, 35 m. N. N. W. of Leghorn; pop. about 5,000. it has a lyceuin, a gymnasium, a beautiful castle. and important silk manufactories.


See Nyassa.

Massa E Carrara

Massa E Carrara, a central province of Italy, in Tuscany, embracing the former duchy of Massa-Carrara; area, 080 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 161,944. The principal rivers flowing through it are the Serchio and the Magra. Branches of the Apennines conjointly with the Apuan Alps traverse the entire province. The most important product is the marble of Carrara. Wine and olives are cultivated. It is divided into the districts of Massa, Carrara. Pontremoli, and Castelnuovo. Capital, Massa. The former duchy was before 1741 the posses sion of the house of Cibo-Malaspina, and subsequently, through the marriage of the daughter of the last duke, a possession of the Estes of Modena, together with which it was occupied by the French in 1796. After various changes it was reunited with Modena in 1829, and annexed to the dominions of Victor Emanuel in 1860.


Massac, a 8. county of Illinois, bordering on the Ohio; area, 240 sq. m.; pop. in 1870. 9,581. The surface is diversified and heavily timbered, and the soil fertile. t contains coal and lead. The chief productions in 1870 were 72,316 bushels of wheat, 133,126 of Indian corn, 22,097 of oats, 13,125 of potato,-. 67,560 lbs. of tobacco, 42,505 of butter, and 2,034 tons of hay. There were 762 horses. 948 milch cows, 1,263 other cattle, 2.297 sheep, and 5,424 swine; 1 manufactory of wagon materials, 1 of tobacco and snuff, 4 saw mills. and 5 flour mills. Capital, Metropolis.

Massacre Of Saint Bartholomew

See Bar-tholomew, Saint.


Massagetae, an ancient nomad people of Asia, who dwelt on the steppes adjoining the Jaxartes or Sir Darya and the sea of Aral, and according to some extended further S. E.

They were regarded as Scyths, and were reputed warlike. They worshipped the sun, to which they sacrificed horses. Their very old people were also sacrificed, according to Greek accounts, and the flesh eaten. They raised no grain, but kept cattle and lived largely on fish. Cyrus, the Persian conqueror, is said to have fallen in an expedition against them, when they were commanded by their queen Tomyris. Some critics identify them with the Meshech of the Scriptures.