Mary Henderson Eastman

Mary Henderson Eastman, an American authoress, born in Warrenton, Fauquier co., Va., about 1817. In 1835 she married Capt. Seth Eastman of the U. S. army (author of a " Treatise on Topographical Drawing," and of the illustrations to national publications on the Indians, 1850-57), with whom she resided for many years at Fort Snelling, Min., and at other frontier stations. She has published "Dacotah, or Life and Legends of the Sioux " (New York, 1849); " Romance of Indian Life " (Philadelphia, 1852); "Aunt Phillis's Cabin," a reply to Mrs. Stowe's " Uncle Tom's Cabin " (1852); "American Aboriginal Portfolio" (1853); and "Chicora and other Regions of the Conquerors and the Conquered" (1854).

Mary Lowell Putnam

Mary Lowell Putnam, an American authoress, daughter of the Rev. Dr. Charles Lowell, born in Boston, Dec. 3, 1810. She was married April 5, 1832, to Samuel R. Putnam, a merchant of Boston, who died in 1861. She possesses a remarkable knowledge of languages, comprising not only Latin, Greek, and Hebrew, and the modern tongues of western Europe, but Swedish, Danish, Polish, Russian, Hungarian, Turkish, Sanskrit, and other oriental tongues. She has published "Record of an Obscure Man" (Boston, 1861); a dramatic poem in two parts, "Tragedy of Errors" and "Tragedy of Success " (1862); and a memoir of her son William Lowell Putnam, killed at the battle of Ball's Bluff in 1861.

Mary Of Burgundy

See Maximilian I.

Mary Wollstonecraft

See Godwin, Mary Wollstonecraft, Vol. Viii., P. 64.


Maryville, a town and the capital of Blount co., Tennessee, on the Knoxville and Charleston railroad, 16 m. S. by W. of Knoxville; pop. in 1870, 811, of whom 103 were colored. It is the seat of Maryville college (Presbyterian), founded in 1819 and chartered in 1842. The college embraces the ordinary collegiate course of four years, a ladies' course of four years, preparatory courses, and an English course of three years. In 1873-4 it had 3 professors, 6 instructors, 131 students (collegiate, 25; preparatory, 24; ladies' course, 22; English course, 60), and a library of 2,000 volumes. The grounds embrace 65 acres, and contain three buildings, recently erected at a cost of $50,000. The situation is noted for its healthfulness and beauty.

Mas A Fuera

See CHILI, and Juan Fernandez.

Mas A Tierra

See Juan Fernandez.


Mascara, a town of Algeria, in the province and 45 m. S. E. of the city of Oran; pop. in 1866 9.442. It has two public squares, two market places, a mosque, and carpet factories. It was the residence of Abd-el-Kader, and in 1835 was burned down by the French. Subsequently it was rebuilt, and it is now an important emporium of inland trade.

Mascarene Isles

Mascarene Isles, the name of a group of island- in the Indian ocean including Mauritius ( formerly Isle of France) and Rodriguez, which belong to Great Britain, and the French island of Reunion (formerly Bourbon). The name is derived from that of Mascarenhas, the Portuguese discoverer of the group.