Peten

Peten, a district forming the northernmost portion of Guatemala, in the department of Vera Paz, formerly the home of the Itzaes; estimated area, 20,000 sq. m.; pop. in 1839, the date of the last census, 6,327, almost exclusively Indians. The whole district is well watered. Among the lakes, which are numerous, the most remarkable is that of Itza or Peten, in the centre of which is the island of Peten, whose rocky eminence the Itzaes chose for the site of their temples, and on which was afterward built the Spanish town of Flores. In 1698, after conquering the people, the Spaniards destroyed the edifices, so that scattered heaps of stones are their only remains. More extensive ruins have been discovered during the present century in a forest S. E. of Flores; and on the desert island of Jax-Haa, in a lake E. of that of Peten, is a square tower of five stories, 45 ft. high. (See Itzaes, and Mayas.)

Peter Bonnett Wight

Peter Bonnett Wight, an American achitect, born in New York, Aug. 1, 1838. He studied under Thomas E. Jackson, and in 1862 was appointed architect of the new building for the national academy of design. The intention in this structure was to unite sculpture, mosaic, painting, and architecture in one conception; and Mr. Wight encouraged the workmen, under his teaching, to make their own designs for the decorations wrought by themselves. Among his other works are the Yale school of fine arts at New Haven, the building of the mercantile library association in Brooklyn, and various buildings in Chicago, where he now resides (1876).

Peter Bulkley

Peter Bulkley, an American clergyman, born at Woodhill, Bedfordshire, Eng., in 1583, died at Concord, Mass., March 9, 1659. He was educated at Cambridge, and succeeded to the living of his father in Woodhill, which he retained for 21 years. He was removed from this by Archbishop Laud for nonconformity, wherefore he left England for the new world in 1635, and with a few companions founded the settlement of Concord. He was the author of some Latin poems, which are contained in Cotton Mather's "History of New England," and of the "Gospel Covenant Opened" (London, 1646).

Peter Chardon Brooks

Peter Chardon Brooks, an American merchant, born at Medford, Mass., Jan. 6, 1767, died in Boston, Jan. 1, 1849. His boyhood was passed upon a farm. He afterward went to Boston, and engaged in the business of marine insurance, acquiring an ample fortune, and was for several years president of the New England insurance company. In 1803 he retired from business, and became active in various benevolent enterprises. He was a member of the first municipal council of Boston after its incorporation as a city, and at different times a member of the executive council and of the senate and house of representatives of Massachusetts. In the legislature he took a prominent part in urging the measures for suppressing lotteries. - See "Life of P. C. Brooks," by Edward Everett, in Hunt's " American Merchants".