Rameses, Or Ramses, the name of 14 or 15 Egyptian kings of the 19th and 20th dynasties, called collectively the Ramessids. Rame-ses I. was the first monarch of the 19th dynasty, beginning, according to Mariette, about 1460 B. C. He was succeeded by Seti I. Ra-meses II., son of Seti I., was one of the greatest of Egyptian kings, and a detailed account of his reign, as well as of that of Rameses III., in many respects an equally eminent ruler, is given in the article Egypt, vol. vi., p. 462. Very little is known of the reigns of the others.
Ramillies, Or Ramilies, a village of Belgium, in the province of South Brabant, 16 m. S. by E. of Louvain, noted for a brilliant victory achieved here, May 23, 1706, by Marlborough at the head of English, Dutch, and Danish troops, over the French and Bavarians under Marshal Villeroi. France speedily surrendered almost all her possessions in the Spanish Netherlands, Marlborough expressing astonishment " that the enemy should give up a whole country with so many strong places without the least resistance".
Ramon Carnicer, a Spanish composer, born at Tarrega, Oct. 24,1789, died in Madrid, March 17, 1855. He studied music, chiefly in Barcelona, and was more than ten years leader of the orchestra in the opera there, till 1828, when he went to Madrid, and became in 1830 professor at the conservatory of music. Between 1827 and 1845 he composed many operas, the most successful of which were Adela de Lusi-gnano and Colombo. He also excelled in church music and in popular ballads.
Ramsgate, a seaport of Kent, England, at the S. E. corner of the isle of Thanet, 67 m. E. by S. of London; pop. in 1871, 14,640. The older part of the town lies in a natural hollow, while the newer portions occupy the high ground on either side, have a fine sea view, and contain many handsome houses. The harbor is artificial, and nearly circular, comprising an area of 48 acres, and including a dry dock and ship railway. Ship building and rope making are carried on. Ramsgate is a dependency of Sandwich, and a fashionable watering place.
Rankin, a central county of Mississippi, bordered W. and N. W. by Pearl river and drained by its branches; area, about 800 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 12,977, of whom 7,273 were colored. Its surface is covered with pine forests, and its soil is generally fertile. It is intersected by the Vicksburg and Meridian railroad. The chief productions in 1870 were 217,708 bushels of Indian corn, 5,996 of oats, 13,360 lbs. of rice, 3,279 of wool, and 8,705 bales of cotton. There were 1,327 horses, 1,083 mules and asses, 3,088 milch cows, 1,315 working oxen, 5,023 other cattle, 4,799 sheep, and 13,239 swine. Capital, Brandon.
Ransom, an E. county of Dakota, recently formed and not included in the census of 1870; area, about 1,800 sq. m. The N. part is watered by the Sheyenne river, a tributary of the Red, and the S. W. corner by the Dakota. The surface consists of rolling prairies.