Samuel Austin, D. D., an American clergyman, born at New Haven, Conn., Oct. 7, 1760, died at Glastenbury, Dec. 4, 1830. He graduated at Yale college in 1783, and, after studying divinity two years, was ordained as pastor of the church in Fairhaven, Conn. In 1790 he became the minister of the first Congregational society in Worcester, and in 1815 president of the university of Vermont. After holding that office for six years, he removed to Newport, R. I., and thence at the end of four years returned to Worcester. During the last three years of his life his reason was clouded. He left several controversial and other works.
Samuel Bailey, an English philosopher, born in Sheffield in 1791. He was a banker for many years, and has spent his whole life in Sheffield. He attracted great attention by his "Essays on the Pursuit of Truth and on the Progress of Knowledge" (1821), and "Essays on the Formation and Publication of Opinions" (1829). Among his later works are: "The Theory of Reasoning" (1851); "Discourses on Various Subjects, Literary and Philosophical" (1852); "Letters on the Philosophy of the Human Mind" (1855-'63); and "On the Received Text of Shakespeare's Dramatic Writings and its Improvement" (2 vols., 1862-6). He is a utilitarian and a follower of Locke.
Samuel Beazley, an English architect and author, born in London in 1786, died at Tun-bridge castle. Kent, Oct. 12, 1851. He erected three great theatres in London, two in Dublin, and three in the provinces, besides remodelling several, and supplying drawings for theatres in India, Belgium, and Brazil. He wrote over a hundred dramas, and two novels, "The Roue" and "The Oxonians."
Samuel Begumil Linde, a Polish philologist, born in Thorn in 1771, died in Warsaw, Aug. 8, 1847. He was of Swedish extraction, studied at Leipsic, took part in the revolutionary war under Kosciuszko, lived for some time in Vienna, and in 1803 established himself in Warsaw. He became rector of the gymnasium and librarian of the university, retiring into private life in 1838. His fame rests on his "Dictionary of the Polish Language" (6 vols., Warsaw, 1807-'14; new ed., 1855-'9).
Samuel Bowles, an American journalist, born in Springfield, Mass., Feb. 9, 1826. His father was proprietor of the " Weekly Republican " newspaper at Springfield, and the son became at an early age an apprentice in the office. In 1844 he induced his father to establish a daily newspaper, of which he became, though only 18 years of age, virtual editor. He has held this post ever since, and under his charge the " Springfield Republican " has risen to prominence. Mr. Bowles has made . several journeys in the region lying between the Mississippi and the Pacific, the first in 1865 with a large company, among whom was Mr. Schuyler Colfax. The observations made on this journey, originally written in the form of letters to his journal, appeared in a collective form under the title " Across the Continent" (1865). In 1869 he published two works, " Our New West" and "The Switzerland of America," the latter describing the natural parks and the mountains of Colorado.