Samothrace (modern Gr. Samathraki; Turk. Semendrek), an island of the Grecian archipelago, belonging to Turkey, between Lemnos and the coast of Thrace; area, about 32 sq. m.; pop. about 1,800. It is the highest land in the north of the archipelago. It is sterile and destitute of ports. In antiquity it was called Dar-dania, Electris, Melite, and Leucosia, and was renowned as a chief seat of the worship of the Cabiri. It was in early times independent, with possessions on the mainland, aided Xerxes in the battle of Salamis, and was afterward subject to Athens, Macedon, and Rome.
Sampson, a S. E. county of North Carolina, bordered W. by South river and drained by Black river and several tributaries of that stream; area, 940 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 16,436, of whom 6,483 were colored. The surface is undulating and the soil sandy but fertile. There are extensive forests of pitch pine. The chief productions in 1870 were 281,381 bushels of wheat, 21,950 of peas and beans, 141,373 of sweet potatoes, 1,231 bales of cotton, 19,837 lbs. of rice, 7,523 of tobacco, 11,437 of wool, 35,554 of butter, and 22,664 of honey. There were 1,441 horses, 605 mules and asses, 3,378 milch cows, 1,149 working oxen, 5,267 other cattle, 6,732 sheep, and 22,524 swine. Capital, Clinton.
Samson Occom, an Indian preacher, born at Mohegan, New London co., Conn., about 1723, died at New Stockbridge, N. Y., in July, 1792. When 19 years old he entered the Indian school of Mr. Wheelock at Lebanon, and remained there four years. In 1748 he kept a school in New London, but shortly after removed to Montauk, Long Island, where he taught and preached. In 1766 Mr. Wheelock sent him to England as an agent for Moor's Indian charity school. Being the first Indian preacher who had visited that country, he attracted large audiences and obtained gifts. He wrote an account of the Montauk Indians, still in manuscript.
Samuel Andrew Peters, an American clergyman, born in Hebron, Conn., Dec. 12, 1735, died in New York, April 19, 1826. He graduated, at Yale college in 1757, became in 1760 a clergyman of the church of England, and in 1762 took charge of the churches of Hartford and Hebron. Being a tory, he was forced in 1774 to flee to England, where he revenged himself on the Puritans by publishing in 1781 " A General History of Connecticut," which has been called the " most unscrupulous and malicious of lying narratives." In 1794 he was chosen bishop of Vermont, but he was never consecrated. In 1805 he returned to America, and in 1807 published in New York a " History of the Rev. Hugh Peters," his great-uncle. In 1817 he made a journey to the falls of St. Anthony, claiming a large tract of land in that region. He afterward lived in New York in poverty and obscurity, though he obtained a pension and a grant for confiscated property. He is the "Parson Peter" of Trumbull's "McFingal".