Teutons (Lat. Teutones or Teutoni), a powerful people of ancient Germany, who probably dwelt on the southern shores of the Baltic, in the vicinity of the Cimbri, together with whom they invaded the dominions of the Roman republic at the close of the 2d century B. O., when they were annihilated by Marius. (See Cimbei.) The name Teutons is also applied to the ancient Germans in general. (See Germanic Races and Languages).
Tewkesbury, a market town of Gloucestershire, England, at the confluence of the Avon and Severn, 108 m. W. by N. of London; pop. in 1871, 5,409. It has an old church in the Norman style, town hall, mechanics' library, and stocking, lace, and nail manufactories. Edward IV. here defeated the Lancastrians in 1471.
Texel, an island of the Netherlands, in the North sea, province of North Holland, separated from the mainland by the channel called Mars Diep, about 2 m. broad; extreme length 14 m., breadth 6 m.; area, 74 sq. m.; pop. in 1869, 6,145. It contains several villages, the most important of which is Burg. The surface is low and a great deal of it marshy, but it is protected from inundations by the line of dunes or sand hills on the W. side, and strong dikes in other parts. The soil is remarkably fertile, and is chiefly occupied by pastures.
Tezcuco, Or Tezcoco, a town of Mexico, in the state and about 16 m. E. N. E. of the city of Mexico, near the E. shore of the lake of the same name; pop. about 5,000. It contains several handsome buildings, public and private. Woollen and cotton goods are manufactured. In ancient times Tezcuco was the second city in Mexico. One of the palaces of Montezuma is said to have stood in the N. W. quarter, and in the S. part there are massive remains of three pyramids, each measuring. 400 ft. along the base of their fronts.
Thais, an Athenian courtesan, who accompanied Alexander the Great on his expedition to Asia. She is said to have instigated him to set fire to the citadel of Persepolis, the residence of the Persian kings, in revenge for the injuries done to her native city by Xerxes; but this is probably untrue, as we know on the authority of Arrian that it was his intention to sack the place and burn the citadel on grounds of state policy. After the death of Alexander, Thais became the mistress of Ptolemy Soter, and, according to Athensaeus, was afterward married to him. She was celebrated for wit and repartee.
Thayer, a 8. E. county of Nebraska, bordering on Kansas, formed since 1870; area, 576 sq. m.; pop. in 1875, 2,139. It is intersected by the Little Blue river and Big Sandy creek, and is crossed in the N. part by the St. Joseph and Denver City railroad. It has an undulating prairie surface and a fertile soil. Capital, Hebron.