Carlisle. I. Frederick Howard, fifth earl of, an English statesman, born May 28, 1748, died at Castle Howard, Sept. 4, 1825. In the house of peers he first distinguished himself by his recommendation of conciliatory measures toward the American colonies. He was one of the three commissioners appointed in 1778 by George III. to visit America and endeavor to restore peace. From 1780 to 1782 he was viceroy of Ireland, and afterward became lord privy seal. In 1791-'2 he opposed the policy of Pitt in resisting the aggressions of Catharine II. upon Turkey; in 1792 he abandoned his opposition to Pitt, and supported the war against the French republic. He was a warm advocate of the union with Ireland, and opposed the enactment of the corn laws in 1815. He was the kinsman and guardian of Byron, who dedicated to him his "Hours of Idleness," lampooned him in the "English Bards and Scotch Reviewers," and aftenvard made amends in the third canto of " Childe Harold." He published several pamphlets, and a volume entitled "The Tragedies and Poems of Frederick, Earl of Carlisle " (1807), several of which had been separately published and well received.

II. George William Frederick, seventh earl of, an English statesman, grandson of the preceding, born in London, April 18,1802, died at Castle Howard, Dec. 5, 18(34. He succeeded to the earldom Oct. 7, 1848, previous to which time he was known as Lord Morpeth. He was for some time an attache of the British embassy at St. Petersburg. From 1833 to 1841 he sat in the house of commons for Morpeth, and from 1846 to 1848 for the West Riding of Yorkshire. Under the Melbourne ministry, 1835-'41, he was chief secretary for Ireland. In 1844 he travelled in the United States. From 1846 to 1850 he was chief commissioner of woods and forests; from 1850 to 1852, chancellor of the duchy of Lancaster; from 1855 to 1858, and again from 1859 to 1864, lord lieutenant of Ireland. He was the first nobleman to accede to the views of the anti-corn-law league. In 1856 he delivered at Leeds two public lectures on the life and writings of Pope and on the United States. In 1854 he published his "Diary in Turkish and Greek Waters;" and in 1858 "The Second Vision of Daniel." In 1870 a statue of him was erected in Phoenix park, Dublin. He never married, and was succeeded in the earldom by his brother, Lord William Howard, born Feb. 23, 1808, who had taken holy orders, and was rector of Londesborough, Yorkshire.