Chares. 1. An Athenian general, first mentioned in 367 B. C, when he was sent to the aid of the Phliasians, whom he relieved from siege by the Arcadians and Argives. He was next sent to take command against Oropus, and in 301 succeeded Leosthenes, who had been defeated by Alexander of Pherae, and, sailing to Corcyra, aided an oligarchical conspiracy to overthrow the democracy, a proceeding that resulted in the loss of that island to Athens at the outbreak of the social war. Sent to Thrace in 358, he compelled Charidemus to ratify the treaty he had made with Athenodorus. The following year, with Chabrias, he commanded the forces in the,social war, and made an unsuccessful attack upon Chios, in which his colleague was slain. In 356 Iphicrates and Ti-motheus were joined with him in the command; but he soon procured their recall by accusing them to the people, and entered into the service of Artabazus, the revolted satrap of western Asia. This act was at first approved but afterward condemned by the Athenians. He subsequently led an expedition against Sestos, which town he took, and served with little success in the Olynthian war. In 346 he was in command in Thrace, but seems to have been engaged in private plunder rather than in fighting the enemy.
In 840 he was sent to aid the Byzantines against Philip, but his character was so distasteful to them that they refused to receive him. In 338 he was one of the Athenian generals at the disastrous battle of Chfflronea. He appears to have died at Sigeum a few years afterward. He was not endowed with superior military ability, yet was apparently the best qualified Athenian of his time for command. He seems to have won and maintained his ascendancy over the people partly by his athletic figure, partly by flattery and corruption. II. A Grecian statuary in bronze, the designer of the statue known as the colossus of Rhodes, was a native of Lindus, the favorite pupil of Lysippus, and flourished in the bednninc: of the 3d century B. 0.