Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve, a French author, born in Boulogne, Dec. 23, 1804, died in Paris, Oct. 13, 1869. His mother, a woman of English descent, instructed him in the English language and literature. He completed his studies at Charlemagne and Bourbon colleges, Paris, studied medicine, and was attached to the hospital of St. Louis till 1827. He began his literary career about 1824 as a writer for the Globe. In 1828 he became known as a critic by his Tableau historique et critique de la poé-sie franςaise et du théâtre franςais au XVIe siècle (enlarged ed., 1843). He subsequently published poetry which was bitterly assailed by the adherents of the classical school. The revolution of July transferred the Globe to the St. Simonians, whose doctrines he then advocated; but he soon joined the newly established Revue des Deux Mondes and his friend Armand Carrel's National. In 1837 he delivered lectures at Lausanne, which formed the groundwork of his history of Port Royal. In 1840 he received from Thiers an office in the Mazarin library, which enabled him to complete that work.

He was elected to the French academy in 1845. In 1848-9 he gave lectures at Liége on Chateaubriand et son groupe litté-raire sous l'empire (2 vols., 1860). He returned to Paris in 1850 as a partisan of Louis Napoleon, connected himself with the Constitution-nel, and early in 1852 with the Moniteur. In the former appeared his Causeries du Lundi. He was then also appointed professor of Latin poetry in the collége de France, but the students hissed him on account of his imperialism, and he at once resigned. From 1857 to 1861 he was maître de conférences at the normal school. In 1865 he became a member of the senate, where his support of Renan made him obnoxious to the ultramontanes. As a subtle, discriminating, and impartial critic, he had no superior, and his originality and occasional partiality for the phraseology of the 16th century made Balzac say that he had invented a new language which should be called le Sainte-Beuve. He was equally remarkable for his intimate sympathy with the brilliant women and men who in previous periods adorned French society and literature, for his keen analysis of character, and for his rich store of anecdotes.

His works include Critiques et portraits lit-téraires (5 vols., 1832-'9); Volupté, a rather pathological and singular novel (1834; 5th revised ed., 1861); Poésies complètes (1840; enlarged ed., 2 vols., 1863); Port-Royal (5 vols., 1840-'60; 3d ed., 6 vols., 1867); Portraits littéraires (2 vols., 1844; new ed., 3 vols., 1864); Portraits de femmes (1844; new ed., 1855); Portraits contemporains (2 vols., 1846; new ed., 3 vols., 1855); Causeries du Lundi (15 vols., 1851-'62); Galerie des femmes célèbres (1858), and Nouvelle galerie des femmes célèbres (1864), both extracted from the preceding, and translated into English by Harriet W. Preston under the title of "Portraits of Celebrated Women" (Boston, 1868); Nou-veaux Lundis (10 vols., 1863-'8); Madame Desbordes- Valmore, sa vie et sa correspondance (1870; translated by Harriet W. Preston, Boston, 1872); and the posthumous Causeries du Lundi (3 vols., 1875; "English Portraits," selected from the same, London, 1875).