Charles Lefebvre-Desxoiettes, count, a French general, born in Paris, Sept. 14, 1773, lost at sea near Kinsale, Ireland, April 22, 1822. He ran away from college to enter the army, served under Dumouriez in 1792, was an aide-de-camp to Bonaparte at Marengo, became colonel in 1804, and distinguished himself at Austerlitz. He became brigadier general in 1806 and general of division in 1808, be-gan the siege of Saragossa, but soon afterward joined the corps of Bessieres, and was taken prisoner and sent to England. While on parole, he escaped to France, and Napoleon gave him command of the chasseurs of the guard in the campaign of 1809 against Austria. He participated in the invasion of Russia, contributed largely to the victory of Bautzen (May 21, 1813), was beaten at Altenburg, Sept. 28, by Platoff and Thielmann, and on Oct. 30 gained a brilliant advantage over a corps of Russian cavalry. He led the cavalry at Brienne, Jan. 29, 1814, and received several wounds. He remained at the head of the chasseurs after Napoleon's abdication, but espoused his cause on his return from Elba, and was obliged to fly in disguise.

He was named a peer by Napoleon on his arrival at Paris, and fought with great intrepidity at Fleurus and Waterloo. After the second restoration he was condemned to death and fled to the United States, where he attempted to found a colony of French refugees at the south. On his way to Belgium, hoping to reenter France, he perished by shipwreck.