Chipman. I. Nathaniel, LL. D., an American jurist, born at Salisbury, Conn., Nov. 15, 1752, died at Middlebury, Vt., Feb. 15, 1843. He was educated at Yale college, during his senior year obtained a lieutenant's commission in the American army, was on duty at Valley Forge in the winter of 1777-'8, and was present at the battle of Monmouth. Resigning his commission, Oct. 10, 1778, he repaired to Litchfield, Conn., and was admitted to the bar in 1779. He then removed to Tinmouth, Vt., where he commenced practice, and served as state's attorney for four years. In 1786 he was elected assistant judge of the supreme court, being the first lawyer who had been placed upon the bench in Vermont. In 1789 he was elected chief justice, and was appointed one of the commissioners to adjust the differences between Vermont and New York. In 1791 he was a member of the convention called to decide whether Vermont should join the Union, and he was appointed a joint commissioner with Lewis R. Morris to attend congress and negotiate for the admission of the state.

In the same year he was appointed by Washington judge of the United States court for the district of Vermont. In 1793 he published a small work entitled "Sketches of the Principles of Government," and a volume of ""Reports and Dissertations," containing reports of cases decided while ho was chief justice, with dissertations on the statute adopting the common law of England, the statute of offsets on negotiable notes, and the statute of conveyances. He resigned his office in 1793, and resumed practice till October, 1796, when he was again elected chief justice of the state supreme court. In 179G he was appointed one of a committee to revise a code of statute laws for Vermont. The revised laws of 1797 were written by him. In 1797 he was elected a senator in congress. In 1813 he was chosen one of the council of censors to examine the state constitution and to propose amendments. In the same year he was again elected chief justice of the supreme court, and continued in office two years. From 1816 to 1843 he was professor of law in Middlebury college. In 1833 he published "Principles of Government; a Treatise on Free Institutions, including the Constitution of the United States," containing portions of his former treatise.

II. Daniel, LL. D., an American jurist, brother of the preceding, born at Salisbury, Conn., in 1762, died at Rip-ton, Vt., April 23, 1850. He was educated at Dartmouth college, was admitted to the bar at Middlebury, Vt., in 1790, and there practised law for many years. He was state's attorney for Addison county for eight years subsequent to 1797, for a long period represented Middlebury in the legislature, and was a member of congress in 1815-'17. He was professor of law and jurisprudence in Middlebury college from 1806 to 1816, when he was succeeded by his brother Nathaniel. He was the first official reporter of the decisions of the supreme court of Vermont, and in 1824-'5 published two volumes of reports. In 1822 he published "An Essay on the Law of Contracts for the Payment of Specific Articles;" in 1849, memoirs of Col. Seth Warner and Gov. Thomas Chittenden; and in 1846, a biography of Nathaniel Chipman.