George Charles Bingham Lucan, earl of, a British soldier, born in London, April 16, 1800. His mother, before her marriage with his father Richard, second earl of Lucan, had been the wife of Bernard Edward Howard, afterward duke of Norfolk, from whom she was divorced by act of parliament in 1794. He was educated at Westminster, and entered the army in 1816. In 1828 he joined the Russian general Diebitsch as a volunteer in the campaign against Turkey; and in 1829 he proceeded with him across the Balkan, as commander of a division of the Russian cavalry. He returned to England after the conclusion of peace at Adrianople, and retired from the army on half pay in 1836. In 1839 he succeeded to his title and property, the great bulk of which is in the county of Mayo, Ireland, and in the following year he was chosen one of the representative peers for Ireland. He devoted himself to the improvement of the Irish property, and rescued within a short time nearly 30,000 acres from a tenantry steeped in misery, but the summary ejection of whom subjected him to great odium.

The duke of Wellington had great regard for his judgment on cavalry matters; and on the outbreak of the war with Russia he was appointed commander of a division of cavalry in the Crimea. Lord Lucan was wounded before Sebastopol, but his name is most conspicuously associated with the celebrated cavalry charge at Balaklava (Oct. 25, 1854), the order for which was transmitted from Lord Raglan through him to Lord Cardigan, his brother-in-law. His conduct, together with that of Cardigan, was made the subject of an investigation by the Crimean board of inquiry, which however did not result in an incrimination of either. Lucan was made lieutenant general in 1858, and general in 1865.