James Cragie Robertson, a British clergyman, born in Aberdeen, Scotland, in 1813. He graduated at Trinity college, Cambridge, in 1834, took orders in the English church, in 1846 became vicar of Beaksbourne near Canterbury, and in 1859 was appointed canon of Canterbury. He was chosen professor of ecclesiastical history in King's college, London, in 1864, which chair, in conjunction with his canonry, he still holds (1875). His chief work, the first volume of which was published in 1853, is "History of the Christian Church, from the Apostolic Age to the Reformation" (revised ed., 8 vols. 8vo, 1874-'5). He has also published "How shall we conform to the Liturgy of the Church of England?" (1843; 3d ed., 1869); "The Bearings of the Gorham Case" (1850); "Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, a Biography" (1859); and "Church History during the First Six Centuries" (12mo, 1869). He has edited for the ecclesiastical history society Heylin's "History of the Reformation of the Church of England" (1849), and for the Camden society Bargrave's "Alexander VII. and his Cardinals" (1866).