Lorenzo Campeggio, an Italian cardinal, born in 1474, died in Rome, July 19, 1539. He was educated for the law, married young, and upon the death of his wife took holy orders. He was appointed by Leo X. governor of Parma, and was despatched to Germany to combat the progress of Luther. Upon his return he was made cardinal, and was soon after sent to England to induce that country to join the confederation against the Turks. His mission failed in its main object, but he was made by Henry VIII. bishop of Salisbury. On his return he was again sent as legate to the diet of Nurem-burg, accredited with full powers to check or uproot Lutheranism. When Henry VIII. determined upon a divorce from Catharine of Aragon, Campeggio was again sent to England to hold a legatine court, in connection with Cardinal Wolsey, in which to judge the matter. The appeal of the queen to the pope caused Campeggio to return to Italy, where he assisted in the coronation of Charles V. at Bologna, and upon the death of Pope Clement VII. he used his influence successfully in the conclave for the election of Alexander Farnese (Paul III.). Campeggio was the friend of Erasmus, Sadolet, and other learned men of his time; but of his numerous writings only a collection of Latin "Miscellaneous Letters" (fol., Basel, 1755) has been published. - There have been six other Italian prelates of this name.