New Ireland, an island in the S. Pacific ocean, between lat. 2° and 5° S., and Ion. 150° 30' and 153° E. It is separated from New Britain on the southwest by St. George's channel, and from New Hanover on the northwest by Byron's straits; length about 200 m., average breadth 20 m.; area, about 4,300 sq. m.; pop. about 11,000. The hills rise to the height of 1,500 or 2,000 ft., and are clothed from base to summit with the most luxuriant forests. The highest peaks are known as "Mother and I laughter." The timber grows to a great height, many of the trees being 80 or 90 ft., perfectly straight, and 9 ft. in circumference. The indentations of the coast oiler several very commodious harbors. The lower tracts are well cultivated, and produce sugar cane, bananas, cocoanuts, yams, and numerous other plants and trees. The inhabitants belong to the Australian negro race, and their villages are very neat. Their canoes are well built, but not large. Dogs, pigs, and turtles are the chief animals. The islanders trade in fancy woods and tortoise shell, the latter of superior quality.