Jalap

2735. Jalap is a powerful cathartic and hydrogogue, and is apt to gripe.

Dose of the powder from ten to thirty grains, combined with a drop or two of aromatic oil; of the compound powder from fifteen to forty grains; of the tincture, from one to three drachms; of the extract, from ten to twenty grains. The watery extract is better than the alcoholic.

Colocynth

2736. Colocynth is a powerful drastic cathartic, and should never be given alone, unless ordered by a medical man, as its action is too violent for some constitutions.

Dose of the extract, from five to fifteen grains; of the compound extract from five to fifteen grains.

Buckthorn

2737. Buckthorn is a brisk purgative for children in the form of syrup.

Dose of the syrup from one to six drachms.

Aloes

2738. Aloes is a purgative and cathartic in large, and tonic in smaller doses.

Dose of powder, from two to ten grains, combined with soap, bitter extracts, or other purgative medicines, and given in the form of pills; of the compound pill, from five to twenty grains; of the pill of aloes and myrrh, from five to twenty grains; of the tincture, from four drachms to one ounce; of the compound tincture, from one to four drachms; of the extract, from six to ten grains; of the com-pound decoction, from four drachms to two ounces.

Cream of Tartar

2739. Cream of Tartar is a purgative and refrigerant.

It is used internally in dropsy, especially of the belly, in doses of from one scruple to one drachm.

As a refrigerant drink it is dissolved in hot water, and sweetened with sugar, and is used in febrile diseases, care being taken not to allow it to rest too much upon the bowels.

Dose, as a purgative, from two to four drachms; as a hydragoguc, from four to six drachms, mixed with honey or treacle.

Caution. - Its use should be followed by tonics, especially gentian and an-gostura.

Scammony

2740. Scammony is a drastic purgative, generally acting quickly and powerfully; sometimes producing nausea, and even vomiting, and being very apt to gripe.

It is used internally, to produce watery evacuations in dropsy, to remove intestine worms, and correct the slimy motions of children.

Dose of the powder from five to sixteen grains, given in liquorice water, treacle, or honey; of the confection from twenty to thirty gains.

Caution. - Do not give it in an irritable or inflamed state of the bowels.

Epsom Salts

2741 Epsom Salts is a purgative and diuretic. It generally operates quickly, and therefore is extremely useful in acute diseases.

It is found to be beneficial in dyspepsia when combined with infusion of gentian, and a little ginger.

It forms an excellent enema with olive oil.

Dose from a half to two ounces, dissolved in warm tea or water. Infusion of roses partially covers its taste and assists its action.

Glauber's Salt

2742. Glauber's Salt is a very good purgative.

Dose from a half to two ounces, dis-solved in warm water.

Sulphate of Potash

2743. Sulphate of Potash is a cathartic and deobstruent.

It is used internally, combined with aloes or rhubarb in obstructions of the bowels, and is an excellent saline purgative in dyspepsia and jaundice.

Dose of the powdered salt from ten grains to one drachm.

Venice Turpentine

2744. Venice Turpentine is cathartic, diuretic, stimulant, and authel mintic.

It is used externally as a rubefacient, and is given internally in flatulent colic, in tape-worm, rheumatism, and other diseases.

Dose as a diuretic, from ten drops to one drachm; as a cathartic, from ten to twelve drachms; as an anthelmintic, from one to two ounces, every eight hours, till the worm be ejected.