Mange, a disease affecting dogs and swine, in a manner similar to the itch in the human body ; and arising from an insect that works its way beneath the uppermost skin ; where it causes so great an irritation, that the animals rub or scratch themselves, tearing off the head of the pustule, which occasions a scab and, in a short time, an ulceration. This disor-der, especially in dogs, originates from too high feeding, want of exercise, and an opportunity of refreshing themselves with dog's-grass ; from being starved at home, so that the animals are compelled to. devour carrion, and excrements abroad; from want of water, or neglect of cleanliness in their kennels. It is induced in swine, by suffering them to lie in their styes, without clearing away their ordure.
As the malady is entirely situated in the skin, the cure may bo effected in dogs, by giving them a small quantity of fine pulverized sulphur, either in milk, or incorporated with butter, and rubbing them daily, for the space of a week, with an ointment consist-ing of sulphur and hog's-lard; to which should be added a small portion of oil of turpentine. Another remedy is obtained by boiling four ounces of quicksilver in two quarts of water, till the quantity be reduced to one half: with this liquid the animals are to be washed regularly, and ought also to take a small draught of it every day, during the continuance of the eruption.
With respect, to the mange in hogs, Dr. Norfcrd (Annals of Agriculture, vol. xv.) recommends the following ointment, which seldom fails to effect a perfect cure, provided it be properly applied, and the animals be kept clean, after the disease is removed :-Take three ounces of hog's-lard, one ounce of fine flour of sulphur, two drams of white hellebore, new-ly pulverized, and half an ounce of the water of kali, prepared in the shops. These ingredients are to be thoroughly incorporated, so as to form an unguent; the whole of which is directed to be rubbed on the animal at one time, and is said to be sufficient for a hog of six or seven stone: if the oint-ment be properly applied, there will be no occasion lor any repe tion.- Should, however, a slight cough affect these quadrupeds, after the cure is performed, it will be necessary to give each, according to its size, from half an ounce, to an ounce and a half, or even two ounces of crude antimony, properly levigated and mixed with some of his daily food, for the space of ten days or a fortnight; by which simple remedy, the hogs will be effectually restored.
When these animals Save been long neglected, their necks, and various other parts of the body become affected with loathsome chaps or cracks, In this case, the best remedy is, to anoint the ulcerated parts every three or four days, till they are healed, with a little tar-ointment, prepared by dissolving equal parts of tar and mutton suet over a gentle fire, and straining the mixture, while hot. But the most certain preventive of the mange, and its subsequent disagreeable effects, is the strictest attention to the health and cleanliness of the animals. For this purpose, every part both of the ken-.nel and of the stye ought to be thoroughly swept, before they are Jittered with fresh straw; nor should a clean bed be spread over a foul or dirty one, as is too frequently the case with careless or negligent servants; who, regard-Jess or their master's interest, thus eventually cause the destruction of many valuable dogs and swine.
Mange, in farriery, a cutaneous disease, to which horses are occasionally subject: it arises from poor feeding, and is therefore chief-ly found in such cattle as are kept by the lower classes of people.
This disorder is easily known by the tawny appearance of the skin, which is thick, and full of wrinkles, particularly on the mane, loins, and tail: the ears and eye-brows, as well as the diseased limbs, are totally divested of hair ; while the little, still remaining on those parts, is very stiff and bristly.
If the mange be contracted by infection, it may be easily removed by anointing the horse daily with a salve prepared of sulphur and hog's-lard ; at the same time giving him sulphur and antimony for some weeks, after the eruption has disappeared. But, if the disorder originate from low feeding, and thin, impoverished blood, the diet must be changed, and the horse allowed a proper quantity of sweet hay and corn. Hence the animal's food should consist of warm mashes composed of equal parts of malt, or oats, and of bran, to each of which ought to be added four ounces of honey, and one ounce of sulphur. These are to be given every night and morning, for the space of a week or ten days, during which the horse should receive a measure of dry corn at noon : an ounce of nitre is likewise to be dissolved in water, and given every night and morning, during the taking of the mashes. At the expiration of that period, his diet should be changed to good oats and sweet hay ; the corn be moistened with water, and a dose of the following mixture incorporated with it, every night and morning : Take a pound of sulphur, and an equal portion of prepared antimony ; let them be well mixed in a mortar, and divided into twenty-four doses.
With respect to the external treatment,every infected partought, previously to the commencement of the mashes, to be carefully washed with a pailful of warm water, in which a quarter of a pound of soft soap has been dissolved, so that all scurf and filth may be completely removed. The animal is then to be gently dried, and on the succeeding morning, every disordered limb is to be anointed with the following preparation :- Take half a pound of strong mercurial ointment ; three ounces of pulverized white hellebore ; one ounce of black pepper in powder, and a similar quantity of oil of tartar. The whole must be incorporated with a sufficient quantity of sweet-oil, to give it a proper degree of softness ; and the unction should be. repeated for seven, or ten days, or even a fortnight, according to the urgency of the symptoms, or the virulence of the eruption. The powders of sulphur and antimony, as well as the nitre, ought to be continued for three weeks, or a month ; and, lastly, when the horse appears sufficiently invigorated, he should lose a small portion of blood, and afterwards swallow, at different times, two mild purgatives, by which a complete cure will be effected.