Chichester, a municipal borough and episcopal city in Sussex, 17 miles ENE. of Portsmouth, and 28 W. of Brighton. It stands on a plain between an arm of the sea and the South Downs, which rise gently on the north. The two main streets cross at right angles, and meet in an elaborate eight-sided market-cross (c. 1500). Within the suburbs the city is surrounded by an ancient wall, l 1/2 mile in circuit, now a promenade under the shade of elms. The cathedral, erected in the 12th and 13th centuries, on the site of a wooden one founded 1108, and burned 1114, measures 410 by 131 feet, with a spire 277 feet high (rebuilt 1865-66, after its fall in 1861), and a detached bell-tower or campanile, 120 feet, the only structure of the kind retained by an English cathedral. The bishop's palace is supposed to have been erected on the site of a Roman villa. Chichester has a market-house, guildhall (formed out of the chapel of the Franciscan monastery), a theological college (1872), etc. The chief trade is in agricultural produce and live-stock. Wool-stapling, malting, brewing, and tanning are also carried on. From the time of Edward I. till 1867 Chichester returned two members, and till 1885 one. The port of Chichester, 2 miles to the south-west of the city, is situated on a deep inlet of the English Channel, of about 8 sq. m., and is connected with Chichester by a canal. The Roman Reg-mum, Chichester was partly destroyed in 491 by the South Saxons, but was soon after rebuilt by Cissa, their king, and called Cissanceaster, or Cissa's Camp. It suffered much during the Great Rebellion, when among royalist prisoners of war was the famous Chillingworth, who died here, and lies buried in the cathedral. Pop. 12,244. See works by Willis (1861), Stephens (1876), Swainson (1880), and Corlette (1902).