Gwalior, a native state of Central India, the dominions of the Mahratta Maharajah Sindia, consists of several detached districts. Area, 19,067 sq. m.; pop. (1901) 2,187,612, mainly Hindus. Lying partly in the basin of the Jumna and partly in that of the Nerbudda, it divides its drainage between the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea. The principal export is opium. Though Gwalior is a Mahratta principality, yet the Mahrattas do not form any considerable proportion of the people. Since 1S03 the country has been under British protection; and during the troubles of 1857 the young Maharajah remained faithful to the British government, although deserted by his troops. - Gwalior, the capital, stands 65 miles S. of Agra by railway. Its nucleus is an isolated rock 340 feet high, perpendicular on all sides; it measures 1 1/2 mile by 300 yards, and its citadel (said to date from the 8th century) is virtually impregnable against any native force. Along the eastern base of this eminence lies the old town of Gwalior; and to the south-west there extends for several miles the new town called Lashkar, where the Maharajah resides.