This section is from the book "Modern Buildings, Their Planning, Construction And Equipment Vol2", by G. A. T. Middleton. Also available from Amazon: Modern Buildings.
Before entering into a description of the different tools used by joiners, and the various joints employed by them, the following is a list of some of the terms and shop colloquialisms in general use:-
A comprehensive term, covering wood generally.
A saw cut, not through the wood.
Planed up. Sometimes written wrot.
Having the grain free from twists.
Sticking a moulding means working it with a plane.
Small square timber, anything between 2 1/2 and 4 1/2 inches.
Free from all defects.
An exact dimension.
To twist or warp.
A name sometimes applied to a rebate.
An exact dimension between two points.
The chips cut from a mortise.
Another name for a router plane.
Perfectly true and free from twists.
Cutting the end of a moulding to fit the face of another moulding, or filling the edge of a board to an irregular surface.
A split along the grain of a board.
Applied to screws used for wood to distinguish them from those used for iron.
Planing up the edge of a board.
The distance between the interior edges of a frame.
A square sinking on the edge of a board or frame. Pronounced as if spelt rabbit.
Mouldings worked on separate pieces and fixed to framing are termed "planted on."
The edge of a piece of timber, or any external angle.
When pieces of wood are joined together so that the joints are not in a straight line, they are said to break-joint.
A joint between two square ends.
Applied to timber the section of which is truly rectangular.
A spotted or speckled appearance of timber, due to incipient decay.
The metal shield to a keyhole.
\A form of mitre shoot.
A pencil mark made on wrought stuff indicating the face.
A tongue cut across the grain diagonally.
The projecting ends of a frame.
A sawing tool, shaped thus A ^, made with two boards.
A tongue cut straight across the grain.