These are now usually of galvanised wrought iron, and should be numbered and fully described, stating capacity, thickness of metal, and how put together. Describe the angle-iron stiffeners and rods. Include the bearers in the description, and state height of hoisting.

If a lead safe be specified under the cistern, it will most probably require a deal tray like a shallow leadlined sink, and will be similarly measured, except that the sides or rims, being only 4 inches high, will be taken per foot run, and bearers should be included in the description of bottom. Take the lead lining as described to Safes, but take in addition copper nailing to edge.

Cistern Enclosure

Measure as previously described to similar items. Include backings.

Cistern Covers

Number and describe.

Hole Through Enclosure And Make Good


Drill Cistern


Brass Union And Fly Nut With Screw Cap And Lining

Number. State size, and include joints to galvanised iron cistern and lead pipe.

Lead Overflow Pipe

Measure per fool run.

Hole Through Wall And Make Good

Number as previously described.

Or, Hole through Slated Roof for passage of lead pipe (stating size), including 5 lbs. lead, slate, and tafted soldered joint, and make good. Number.

Brass Back Flap

Number. State size.

Opening Up Roadway, Tapping Main, Fixing Ferrule (State Size), And Making Good To The Satisfaction Of The Local Authorities, Or Pay Them For Doing The Work And Pay All Fees

Number. Next measure the piping per foot run. The weights of all the different sizes and classes of pipes may be stated in the Preamble or tabulated to save repetition. State diameter of pipe, and include joints, wall-hooks, tacks, and fixing in the description. Bends are also included to pipes under 2 inches internal diameter. To pipes of 2 inches diameter and over, number the bends and describe as "Extra for." Number the branch joints, and note that a branch joint is described by the size of the larger pipe. For example, the branch joint of 1/2-inch to 1-inch pipe would be a 1-inch branch joint. Number the soldered dead ends. Take the drilling to cisterns and the unions as they occur. Take the piping, etc., in the following order:-

Supply Pipe and laying in and including rough deal trough, and covering with pitch, or as the case may be.

Stop Cock And Key And Cast-Iron Box Let Into Pavement, Including Joints To Lead Pipe And Making Good

Number. State size and quality.

Narrow Trench For Pipe

Measure per foot run. State depth or average depth, and include filling in and ramming in the description.

Rising Main

Measure per foot run.

Brass Screw-Down Stop Cock And Joints To Lead Pipe

Number, and state size.


The quality and description of the various cocks may be stated at the head of Internal Plumbing, to save repetition.

Short Length of 1/2-inch Pipe, with branch joint to 1 inch (or as the case may be), and a 1/2-inch brass screw-down bib cock and all joints to empty rising main.-Number.

Hole Through Cistern Enclosure And Making Good

Number. State size of pipe.

Drilling Cistern

Number. State size of pipe.

Brass Union And Fly Nut, With Screw, Cap, And Lining And Joints To Iron Cistern And Lead Pipe

Number. State size.

Brass Ball, Valve, And Copper Ball Float And Joint

Number. State size and describe, and give name of maker.

Now take the branch pipes (if any) direct off rising main, and follow them up to the various draw offs, etc. Number the soldered branch joints, soldered dead ends, and brass bib cocks and joints as they occur. Now take the services from the cistern, starting with the hole through enclosure, drilling cistern and brass union, following on with their branches to the various points and fittings as last described. Remember that the baths and lavatories, etc., were taken, including all joints to pipes, so that it is only now necessary to measure the pipes up to them.

Pipe Casing

Measure this as it occurs per foot run, stating thickness and width, and if fixed with brass cups and screws. Include the wrought rebated and beaded grounds in the description, and state their size, and if plugged. If the casing is boxed it should be measured per foot super., stating the thickness, etc., and including the grounds as above described. It is often difficult to trace from the drawings the exact amount of pipe casing that will be required, and in such a case it is usual to mark it "Provisional."


Unless all the cutting away for pipes and making good has been measured, a clause to cover this must be inserted. It is usual, however, in any case to measure the holes through external walls and making good, so that the clause should read somewhat as follows:-

"Attend upon, cut away for, and make good after Plumber in all trades (attendance to apparatus and holes through external walls, and making good previously measured)."