(Contributed by W. H. Brown, F.S.I.)

## Ceilings

Measure per foot super., and bill in yards, and describe as "Lath plaster, float, and set ceilings," or as the case may be. The same dimension answers for whitening or distempering. If ceiling be panelled, state it, and give the size or average size of the panels. If between wood ribs, state it, and that it includes fitting to ribs; or a better way is to measure the labour fitting against wood or stone per foot run. This is measured wherever the plaster stops against wood or stone. Keep sloping ceilings separate. Keep curved ceilings separate, and state the radius.

Lath and Plaster in Narrow Widths, as to soffit or sides, and soffits of girders, etc., to be kept separate and described.

Counterlathing per foot super. If in narrow widths, keep separate.

## Voids

Deduct these as they occur, as for stairs, etc.

## Moulded Ceiling Ribs

Measure per foot run, stating girth, and that they include the requisite screeds, and cutting to form key.

Include "setting out" in the description, or take a numbered item for "setting out to geometrical pattern," giving the dimensions of the ceiling.

## Half-Mitre

Number. Keep irregular ditto. separate.

Bracketing per foot super. the length by the girth, and state thickness. Number the angle brackets as "Extra for," and measure fillet for fixing brackets to, per foot run; or,

Measure the bracketing per foot run, giving the girth of cornice. State the thickness, and include the fillet. Number the angle brackets, and write them short in the Bill.

## Cornices, Frieze Rails, Etc

Measure per foot run up to and including 12 inches girth, and per foot super. over this. State if they include "dubbing out." If they are on bracketing, state that they are "on and including lathing."

## Internal Mitres, External Mitres, Mitred And Returned Ends, Etc

Number, and write short under the mouldings billed run. Where the mouldings are billed super., bill the mitres, etc. under "Numbers," and state girth of mouldings.

## Enrichments

Measure per foot run, and describe.

Mitres, etc., as to mouldings.

## Coves

A small cove, if part of a cornice, would be measured as such; otherwise measure per foot super., the length by the girth.

Mitres, etc., as to cornices.

No notice is taken of short lengths of cornice where they occur in the ordinary way in a room, as to chimney breasts, etc., but where there are an unusual number they should be kept separate.

The dimensions for cornices, coves, etc. will also answer for whitening or distempering. State what it is to, or it may be included in the description of cornices, etc.

## Walls

Measure per foot super., bill in yards and describe as "render and set," or "render, float and set," etc., as the case may be. The same dimension serves for distemper, paper, etc. Keep narrow widths as to reveals, etc., separate, and bill in feet. Reveals not exceeding 9 inches wide are measured per foot run.

## Arrises

Measure per foot run. If with a reveal not exceeding 9 inches, measure and describe the two together as "arris and 6 inches return," or as the case may be.

## Keene's Cement Angles

Measure per foot run, and state widths of wings or returns, as "Keene's cement angle and two 1-inch returns on Portland cement grounds." A portion of this description is, however, usually saved, as this item would be under a heading of "Keene's cement," which might have the following note attached: "All Keene's cement to be on Portland cement grounds."

## Staffbead And Double Quirk To Angles

Measure per foot run, stating girth.

Number the mitres, and number and describe the stops, whether plain, moulded, etc.

## Partitions

Lath plaster and set; lath plaster, float, and set, etc. - Measure per foot super., and bill in yards. The remarks under Walls will apply here, with the altered description; and the arrises, angles, etc., will be measured as just described. Take counter-lathing as it occurs. If in narrow widths, keep separate and bill in feet super.