This section is from the book "Spons' Mechanics' Own Book: A Manual For Handicraftsmen And Amateurs", by Edward Spon. Also available from Amazon: Spons' Mechanics' Own Book.
Hopea odorata weight, 45-58 lb.; elasticity, 3GG0; cohesion, 22,2091b.; strength, 706-800 lb.; one of the finest timber trees of British Burma, sometimes reaching 80 ft. in height to the first branch, and 12 ft. in girth - a large boat of 8 ft. beam, and carrying 4 tons, being sometimes made of a single scooped-out trunk; wood is close, even-grained, of a light-brown colour.
Inga xylocarpa weight, 58 lb.; elasticity, 4283; cohesion, 16,657 lb.; strength, 83G lb.; furnishing a wood of very superior quality, heavy, hard, close-grained, and durable, and of a very dark-red colour; it is, however, not easily worked up, and resists nails; is extensively used for bridge-building, posts, piles, etc, and is a good wood for sleepers, lasting (when judiciously selected and thoroughly seasoned) for 6 years.
Lagerstraemia reginse weight, 40 lb.; elasticity, 3665; cohesion, 15,388 lb.; strength, 637-G42 lb.; the wood is used more extensively than any other, except teak, for boat-, cart-, and house-building, and in the Madras Gun-carriage Manufactory for felloes, naves, framings of waggons, etc.
Mangifera indica (mango) weight, 42 lb.; elasticity, 3120-3710; cohesion, 7702-9518 lb.; strength, 5G0-G32 lb.; wood is of inferior quality, coarse, and open-grained, of a deep-grey colour, decaying if exposed to wet, and greedily eaten by white ants; is, however, largely used, being plentiful and cheap, for common doors and doorposts, boards and furniture; also for firewood; should never be used for beams, as it is liable to snap off short.
Melanorhoea usitatissima weight, 6l lb.; elasticity, 3016; strength, 514 lb.; furnishes a dark-red, hard, heavy, close and even-grained and durable (but brittle) timber; used for helves, sheave-blocks, machinery, railway sleepers, etc.
Michelia Ghampaca weight, 42 lb.; in Mysore, trees measuring 50 ft. in girth 3 ft. above ground-level are found, and slabs 6 ft. in breadth can be obtained; as the wood takes a beautiful polish it makes handsome tables; it is of a rich brown colour.
Millingtonia hortensis wood is white, fine and close-grained, but of little use.
Mimusops elengi weight, 61 1b.; elasticity, 3653; cohesion, 11,369 lb.; strength, 632 lb.; wood is heavy, close and even-grained, of a pink colour, standing a good polish and is used for cabinet-making purposes, and ordinary house-building.