Elastic Glue

Dissolve glue by the aid of a water bath, evaporate till a thick fluid is obtained, add an equal weight of glycerine, continue the evaporation with stirring until the remaining water is driven off; run it out on a marble slab to cool. This composition might be advantageously applied to the manufacture of printers' rollers, and similar articles.

Liquid Glue

(a) Soft water, 1 quart; best pale glue, 2 lb.; dissolve in a covered vessel by the heat of a water bath; after cooling, add with caution 7 oz. of nitric acid; when cold, bottle off.

(6) White glue, 16 oz.; dry white-lead, 4 oz.; soft water, 2 pints; alcohol, 4 oz.; stir together, and bottle while hot.

(c) 3 parts glue broken into small pieces should be covered with 8* parts of water, and left to stand for some hours; 1/2 part of hydrochloric acid and 3/4 part of sulphate of zinc must then be added, and the whole exposed to a temperature of about 185° F. during 10 or 12 hours. Allow the compound to settle.

(d) A liquid glue possessing great resisting power, recommended for wood and iron, is prepared, according to Herz, as follows: - Clear gelatine, 100 parts; cabinet-makers' glue, 100 parts; alcohol, 25 parts; alum, 2 parts; the whole mixed with 200 parts of 20 per cent. acetic acid, and heated on a water-bath for 6 hours.

(e) An ordinary liquid glue, also well adapted for wood and iron, is made by boiling together for several hours 100 parts glue, 260 parts water, and 16 parts of nitric acid.

Marine Glue

(a) Dissolve by heat 1 part of pure rubber in naphtha; when melted add 2 parts shellac; melt until mixed. Tour while hot on metal plates to cool; when required to use, melt and apply with a brush.

(b) Caoutchouc, 20 gr.; chloroform, 2 fl. oz.; dissolve and add 4 dr. of powdered mastic; let it macerate for a week; must be kept cool and well corked.

Portable, Or Mourn Glue

Fine pale glue, 1 lb.; dissolve over a water bath in sufficient water, aid brown sugar, 1/4 lb.; continue the heat till amalgamation is effected; pour on a slab of slate or marble, and when cold cut into squares. Used by moistening with the tongue. (See also ii. 78, 300.)

Gum.. - Mucilage for Labels. - Macerate 5 parts of good glue in 20 parts of water for 24 hours, adding 20 parts of rock candy, and 3 parts of gum arabic.

Preserving Gun-Arabia Solutions

A few drops of oil of cloves, or of alcohol, or any essential oil, will preserve a quart of the mucilage of gum arabic or gum tragacanth from turning sour.

Artificial Or British Gum

Malt, crushed small, 1 lb.; warm water, 2 gal. Mix; heat the whole to 145° F.; add of potato starch 5 lb.; raise the heat to 160° F., and mash for about 25 minutes, or until the liquid becomes thin and clear; it must then be instantly run off, and raised to the boiling point to prevent the formation of sugar; after boiling for 3 or 4 minutes, the whole must be filtered and evaporated to dryness by a steam heat. (See also ii. 73, 85, 450.)


Zinc white, rubbed up with copal varnish to fill up the indentures to corks; when dry, to be covered with the same mass, somewhat thinner; and lastly, with copal varnish alone. (See also ii. 73.)


(a) 100 parts finely chopped rubber, 15 rosin, 10 shellac, dissolved in a sufficient quantity of bisulphide of carbon. Used for uniting pieces of rubber.

(6) Rubber, 15 gr.; chloroform, 2 oz.*, mastic, 1/2 oz. The two first-named to be mixed, and after the rubber is dissolved add the mastic in powder; allow to macerate for a week.

Iron Pots And Pans

Take 2 parts of sulphur, and 1 part, by weight, of fine black-lead; put the sulphur in an old iron pan, holding it over the fire until it begins to melt, then add the graphite; stir well until all is mixed and melted; then pour out on an iron plate, or smooth stone. When cool, break into small pieces. A sufficient quantity of this compound being placed upon the crack of the iron pot to be mended, can be soldered by a hot iron in the same way a tinsmith solders his sheets. If there is a small hole in the pot, drive a copper rivet in it and then solder over it with this cement. (See also ii. 89.)

Iron Railings

-For the cement-ing of iron railing tops, iron'gratings to stoves, etc, the following mixture is recommended; in fact, with such effect has it been used as to resist the blows of a sledge-hammer. This mixture is composed of equal parts of sulphur and white-lead, with about one-sixth proportion of borax, the three being thoroughly incorporated together, so as to form one homogeneous mass. When the application is to be made of this composition, it is wet with strong sulphuric acid, and a thin layer of it is placed between the two pieces of iron, these being at once pressed together. In five days it will be perfectly dry, all traces, of the cement having vanished, and the work having every appearance of welding.

Iron Bust Joints

(a) 1 lb. clean iron borings, pounded fine in a mortar, 2 oz. sal ammoniac in powder, 1 oz. flowers of sulphur. The whole mixed by pounding, and to be kept dry, tor use, mix 1 part of the above with 20 of iron, borings pounded, adding water to the consistence of mortar.

(6) 2 lb. clean iron borings, 1 oz. (lowers of sulphur, 1 oz. sal ammoniac.

(c) 98 parts of fine iron borings through a sieve, 1 flowers of sulphur, 1 sal ammoniac. Mix and dissolve in boiling water when required for use.

(d) Mix 1 lb. fine borings, 1/2 oz. sal ammoniac, pounded small, 1/2 oz. spirits of salts, and a little water. Prepare the joint by bringing the inner joint rings of the flanges together - screwing up the bolts firmly; in this condition there should be an annular space between the flanges of from 1/4 in. to 3/8 in. in width; a strand of rope-yarn or any soft fibre should now be stuffed to the bottom of the joint, so as to prevent the jointing material from being driven through in the process of caulking. A good hammer, a caulking iron rather thinner than the joint, and a flat piece of wood or sheet iron should be in readiness. Take a suitable quantity of fine cast-iron borings, free from dust, and which may be passed through a sieve to remove large pieces; next dissolve a very small piece of sal ammoniac in water, say a drachm to a quart. In the absence of sal ammoniac to mix up the borings with, the urine of any animal does quite as well. Now mix the borings with, sufficient of the fluid to cause them to adhere together in lumps when compressed in the hand. It is now ready for use.