Put into a saucer some fresh-ground coffee, and in its centre place a small piece of gum camphor, which set on fire with a match. As it burns add coffee enough to burn with it. It gives a very pleasant perfume, much more agreeable than that of pastiles, and it is much cheaper.
Curdle a half pint of milk with the same quantity of vinegar; separate the curd from the whey, and mix the latter with the whites of four or five eggs, beating them well together. Add a little quicklime, through a sieve, to make a thick paste. This cement dries quickly and resists the action of fire and water.
Another cement may be made by stirring plaster of Paris into a thick solution of gum arabic, bringing it to the consistency of cream. This is white in color and is very well adapted to mend china. After three days it cannot be broken in the same place.
Still another is made of four ounces of crushed orange-shellac, and three of strong rectified spirits of wine or wood naphtha. The spirits of wine is preferable. Dissolve the shellac in the spirits, in a corked bottle kept in a warm place. The process is aided by shaking, and the composition must be shaken before using. It can be used as a varnish for unpainted wood.
To mend glassware, dissolve boiled isinglass in spirits of wine, half the quantity of spirits being added to the isinglass. This is a transparent cement, which makes it very suitable for mending glassware.
These may be filled neatly and permanently by thoroughly soaking newspapers in paste made of half a pound of flour, three quarts of water and half a pound of alum. The mixture will be about as thick as putty. It can be forced into the cracks with a case-knife, and smoothed on top. It will harden like papier-mache.
A good filling is plaster of Paris mixed with vinegar, which will not set for twenty or thirty minutes, while water will set very quickly, often before you can use it. The putty-like mass must be pushed into the cracks, and can be smoothed off evenly with a table-knife.
Add to paste, ink, mucilage, or other substance liable to mold, a little carbolic acid. An ounce of this acid to a gallon of whitewash will keep cellars and dairies from the disagreeable odor which is apt to taint milk or meat in such places.
To preserve glasses of jelly from mold, lay on the top of the jelly a piece of paraf-fine, and let it melt and spread over it. Or the paraffine can be melted and poured over the jelly when cold. This renders unnecessary brandy-paper or other covering.
Another furniture wash may be made by-mixing a half pint of 95 per cent. alcohol, a quarter ounce each of powdered resin and gum shellac, and a half pint of linseed oil. Shake these well together and apply with a brush or sponge to stains, spots, or mildew.
Dust carefully, then wash with one ounce of soda beaten up with the whites of three eggs. Where scratched, patch up with gold paint. To clean oil paintings use castile soap and water, very carefully applied.
Gilt may also be brightened by adding to a pint or two of water sufficient flour of sulphur to give it a golden tinge. In this boil four or five onions, or a quantity of garlic. Strain off the liquid, and wash the gilding with a soft brush. When dry it will look like new work.
Mix ammonia and turpentine in equal parts, saturate the spot two or three times, and wash out with soapsuds. This will take out paint from clothing even if dry and hard. Paint spots on window glass can be removed with ten cents' worth of oxalic acid dissolved in a pint of hot water. While applying it to the spots, take care that the acid does not touch the hands. Brasses may be quickly cleaned with this wash; but it must not be kept after using, as it is a deadly poison..